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New processes

 

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

A

Active Packaging – technology to ensure fresh produce reaches export markets in good condition
Alcoa Portland SPL Process – developed jointly by Portland Aluminium, Alcoa, Ausmelt and CSIRO; renders spent pot lining, the hazardous waste from aluminium smelters harmless and at the same time produces two commercial by-products: aluminium fluoride and ‘synthetic sand’ – See Global aluminium waste headache solved, 2002 (Media Release)
AMCRO – ammonium chromate panel treatment process which improves the optical properties of ‘copper black’ solar selective surfaces (manufactured by Beasley Industries Pty Ltd, Hindmarsh, South Australia)
Annodex™ – technology that allows metadata to be added video, making computerised archives searchable – See At last: video search that works, 2005 (Media Release)
Atomic absorption spectroscopy

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B

Baa Code Parentage Test – DNA fingerprint test to identify parentage and bloodline of elite sheep; licensed to SignaGen
β-carotene extraction process from the cells of the brine tolerant alga Dunaliella salina grown in dilute culture in saline lakes. Separation of the cells from the brine by a low cost process that exploited the unique properties of their membranes was developed in the early 1980’s between the CSIRO Division of Chemical Technology’s Biosynthetic Technology Program and a small local company Cockajemmy Pty Ltd. The public company Betatene Ltd was formed and commercialised the process.
Binderless Coal Briquetting Process – adds value to lower grade coal by reducing moisture content and producing a product that is economical and safe to transport
Bioclip™ – a biological process for removing fleece; commercialised by Biological Wool Harvesting Pty Ltd
Bottle Magic Coatings – a process that protects contents against ultraviolet rays – See Sunscreen-For-Bottles (Solution)
BRDF (Bi-directional Reflectance Distribution Function) Correction Technique – a technique that improves precision of aerial remotely-sensed survey images – See Birdseye Breakthrough In ‘green’ Mining, 1998 (Media Release)
Breech Strike Prevention – natural form of biological control of wool growth on the breech which is an alternative to mulesing for blowfly strike

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C

Cable Dowels – technology to stabilise the mass of rock in freshly created roofs of underground mines
Carbon dioxide deliming process – for full thickness hides after unhairing, reduces chemical costs and lowers ammonia and nitrogen in the effluent – See Tanning waste minimisation processes
Carbon nanotube yarns and sheets – a process for spinning pure carbon nanotube yarn into fibre for use in conventional fabric; this world first offers the prospect of producing textiles made of carbon nanotube yarns that are immensely strong and have exceptional ability to conduct electricity and heat
Cathodic sputtering technique – developed by Alan Walsh to enable solid analytical samples to be atomised without the need for prior dissolution; later proved of immense value in fundamental studies of radiation processes in atoms
CCE (Counter Current Extraction) technology – for extracting flavours from liquids
Ceramifying Polymers – a process that combines the properties of a polymer with those of a ceramic developed for use in fire-resistant electric cables
CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) modeling – See Models making a difference for mineral processors, 2009 (Media Release)
Chlorine-free sliver shrinkproofing process – for wool processors world wide
Chlorine Hercosett shinkproofing process – a procedure, developed in the 1960s, to prevent wool from felting and shrinking during machine washing; provides a simple method of treating wool for the manufacture of fully machine washable garments
CIPS (Calcite In situ Precipitation System) – a permeation grouting system to deliver calcite cement into porous sediments to increase soil strength and stiffness. The range of applications includes: in situ construction of columns and walls, coastal protection, restoration of eroded beaches, prevention of liquefaction in areas prone to earthquakes, the management and control of subsurface water to prevent acid rock drainage and the preservation of stone in historic and artistic sites and artifacts – commercialised by the start-up company Lithic Technology – See North-West Shelf gas platforms
CircoForm Process – steam reforming fluidised bed reactor system
Cloud seeding
ColdSpray Technology – an industrial coatings technology where a metal powder is sprayed with inert gas carrier at supersonic velocity, to build solid parts from scratch or to coat other substrates such as metals, plastics, ceramics or glass; eliminates the detrimental effects of high temperature on coatings and substrates experienced with thermal spray techniques
ColorClear™ – new bleaching/whitening process that uses ColorClear WB, a Rohm and Haas product to produce fabrics with a comparable whiteness to cotton and synthetics and to improve the competitiveness of wool-polyester fabrics
Continuous top dyeing process for wool
Convergent beam electron diffraction – developed by P Goodman (CSIRO Chemical Physics) and G Lehmpful (Fritz-Haber Institut, Berlin); now one of the most powerful of all electron diffraction techniques; wide application in the precise determination of symmetry and in structure analysis – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
CO-X-Gene – novel vaccine technology licensed to Virax by CSIRO and ANU
CRASO – new process for producing aluminium, originally called the ‘newal’ process but later officially changed to reflect CRA and CSIRO’s participation
CSEP process – a continuous ion exchange processing technology for the commercial manufacture of whey protein-derived food ingredients – See Dairy products for improved human health and Dairy researcher nets major CSIRO award, 2007 (Media Release)
CSIRO-CL Technology – innovative Cathode Luminescence strategy
CSIRO Solvent Degreasing Process – continuous method for commercial operators which removes dirt and suint in addition to grease
CustomCoat QP – solvent-free powder coating technology that can be applied to heat-sensitive plastics and cured at low temperatures; developed with Dulux Powder Coatings
Cyber-I – vision analysis for automated object identification and tracking
Cybernose – new ways to quantify the volatile organic compounds that give rise to much of the flavour and aroma of food and beverages
CycloSizer – technology for the rapid and accurate determination of particle size distribution within the sub-sieve range; licensed to Warman

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D

3D scanning technology – three-dimensional image file provides object’s surface shape and texture and can be incorporated into designs of new mass market flatbed scanners, fax machines or photocopiers
DAC (Differential Aberration Correction) Microscopy – aimed at bridging the gap between the resolution achieved by FRET in the 1-10 nm range and that of conventional diffraction limited microscopy beyond 300 nm
DataTraceDNA – anti-counterfeiting technology enabling a unique chemical substance to be incorporated into the molecular structure of a product to identify and authenticate it in a manner similar to a barcode; developed in agreement with DataDot Technology Limited
Direct Chrome Liquor Recycling – successfully adopted by Australian tanneries the process allows indefinite re-use of the tanning chrome liquor with considerable cost savings, and reductions in effluent chromium and salinity – See Tanning waste minimisation processes
Dried fruit processing – improved methods
Dry chlorination shrink-proofing – for woolen materials – See Softly detergent
DSX (DirectSolventExtraction) – technology that achieves greater selectivity and a more efficient metal recovery process

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E

Easy Care wool – process based on Synthapret BAP/Silicone and garment setting technology; produces shrink-resistant and felt-resistant woollen garments which hold their shape during machine washing and tumble drying; used for pure wool or wool/blend trousers, slacks and skirts
EDW (Electro Dewatering technology)
Electronic Ears – microseismic electronic listening post which tracks and controls a drill operating more than 300 metres below the earth’s surface
E-Nose – a set of sensors that detects flystruck sheep by using a complex of compounds making up an odour; developed in the Australian Sheep Industry CRC
EnviroMag – produces magnesium hydroxide slurry for treating acidic effluents
Evolver – technology that selects micro-organisms which thrive on and degrade a contaminant of interest
Exelgram – visible security image technology employing microtexturing: the controlled production of surface features on various materials, and down to microscopic levels – See also World’s leading anti-counterfeiting technology for Europe, 2003 (Media Release)

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F

Face In A Crowd – image compression technology for tracking and recognising individuals in video – See World leading technology from Australia Hannover Fair, April 20-25, 1998 (Media Release)
FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) – soil analysis technology
FAMM™ (Fluorescence Alteration of Multiple Macerals) – technology that determines if minute quantities of plant material have been cooked by the Earth
Fantainers – freight container technology
FASE (Frequency Assignment by Stochastic Evolution) – technology that minimises interference and signal loss for mobile telephone users – See Improving mobile telephone reception (Solution)
Fastflo – a finite element package developed for the numerical solution of partial differential equations in one-, two- and three-dimensional regions
FILTER (Filtration and Irrigated cropping for Land Treatment and Effluent Reuse) – land treatment of sewage effluent – See Developing Technologies and Products (CSIRO LAnd and Water)
FLAG (Fuzzy Landscape Analysis) – GIS method for dryland salinity assessment
FlameMag – produces magnesium hydroxide flame retardant which meets stringent safety legislation for plastics
Flammability tests for textiles and clothing – a quantitative approach using FRED a child size Fire-Resistant Experimental Dummy; resulted in a rewriting of the Australian standards – See Burns injury reductions through improved textile flammability standards
Fluid History Analysis – technology that develops and applies innovative techniques to investigate the movement of hydrocarbons in petroleum reservoirs and sedimentary basins at geological and production time scales by analysing rocks and associated fluids at the micro-scale
Fluidised Bed Carbonation – produces a charcoal product that the metallurgical industry can use to produce a pure white metal whilst improving efficiencies in timber and charcoal manufacturing; licensed to Enecon Pty Ltd
Freney-Lipson process for shrinkproofing wool – developed by Martin Freney and Menzie (Pip) Lipson; involved the use of ethanolic alkali and was developed to the industrial stage with Holeproof Hosiery, Melbourne; first used to treat army socks during the second world war

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G

Glass Earth – technology that penetrates the regolith (surface rubble) and bedrock, combining findings to predict where big orebodies are most likely to be formed – See Regolith geochemistry for mineral exploration
GOI™ (Grains containing Oil Inclusions) – petrographic technique used on core or cuttings samples to record number of framework quartz or feldspar grains containing oil Inclusions – See Petroleum geoscience: Fluid history analysis (Publication – General)
Gravity Thickener Technology – improvements for the minerals industry
Green hide processing and short term preservation – adopted by the tanning industry in the 1970s, eliminates the costs of salting and greatly reduces the Total Dissolved Solids in the effluent – See Tanning waste minimisation processes
Growth factors from whey – technology for purification and characterisation of unknown growth factors from natural sources, particularly cheese whey – See: Milk extract may heal wounds and smooth wrinkles, 1997 (Media Release) and Dairy products for improved human health
GTAW (Gas Tungsten Arc Welding) – process commercialised to Ultratig – See: Welding technology the key to quality titanium products (Light Metal Update)
Guardian™ – polymer substrate technology developed in partnership with Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) and Belgian manufacturer Innovia Films – See: Polymer banknotes

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H

Hair-saving unhairing process – replaced the conventional unhairing of hides, called liming, developed in the early 1980s and previously referred to as the SiroLime process it has been widely adopted around the world due to the major environmental benefits – See Tanning waste minimisation processes
Heat Pulse Sensor – technology that allows horticulturists to determine when trees need water; gives land managers information about expected effects of tree planting on local water tables; Greenspan then made substantial improvements to the original prototype and co-developed the commercial device
Hercosett – shrink proofing process
High Solids Paint – technology, with Boeing; definition of operational windows for paint application to achieve optimum performance
High-speed wool carding process
HIPS (Hybrid Inorganic Polymer System) – fireproof-coatings
HIsmelt [external link] a revolutionary new ironmaking process developed by Rio Tinto Group in collaboration with CSIRO – See also Minerals industry moving towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions (Fact Sheet)
HIT (Hidden Image Technology) – digital encoding and encryption of hidden images; maximum security is achieved with laser and ultra-high resolution embossing methods – See Security: counterfeiters face hidden traps (CSIRO SOLVE)
Holographic process for the production of master diffraction gratings for atomic absorption spectrometers – developed by McNeil; masters were produced at CSIRO Chemical Physics and replicated for commercial use by Varian Techtron
HPDC (High Pressure Die Casting) – a revolutionary CSIRO heat treatment process for HPDC of aluminium that enables production of car components with doubled mechanical strength, higher fatigue resistance and improved energy absorption
HPP (High Pressure Processing) – technology that improves the way fruit juices and other food products are pasteurised – See also Putting the squeeze on long-life orange juice, 2001 (Media release)
HPU (High Power Ultrasonics) for Soil Remediation – a high pressure ultrasonic cavitation process for breaking down persistent organic pollutants in contaminated soil
HVFA (High Volume Fly Ash) concrete – process that turns industrial waste into a useful component
Hydraulic fracturing in mining – technology that enables the controlled caving of roof rock in coal mines and block caving in metal mines and preconditioning of ore before mining to enhance its caveability and reduce fragment sizes
Hydrocyclone technology – package for removing heavy solids from wool scour effluent
Hydrodec – technology that restores electrical performance of used transformer oils and destroys any PCBs they contain; also destroys organochlorines extracted from contaminated soils and a broad range of persistent organic pollutants including dioxins, pesticides, herbicides and petrochemical waste; can also be applied to advanced processes for the production of aluminium and magnesium metals, which produce toxic waste and for which there has so far been no viable treatment option; developed with Transgrid; was owned by Virotec, acquired by Verteco in November 2004. When combined with thermal desorption processes CSIRO research has shown that Hydrodec could also be used for the treatment of contaminated soils.
HydroMax – technology that produces hydrogen from low-cost carbon sources including garbage; developed in conjunction with Alchemix
HySSIL™ – technology for the production of high-strength, structural, insulative, lightweight concrete panels

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I

IEL (Ion Exclusion Lactose) technology – separates the lactose contained in whey and purifies it into a valuable pharmaceutical-grade product for use in medicines and health supplements – See French say ‘oui’ to Aussie whey recycling, 2005 (Media Release)
IGCC (Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle) – technology
In Situ Laser Surfacing – new laser welding technique repairs power station turbine rotor blades in minutes through advances in the way repair metals fuse together; collective effort by CMIT, IRIS, CRC for Welded Structures, ANSTO and Connell Wagner
IWP (Integrated Wood Processor) – produces energy and high-value activated carbon from wood as well as eucalyptus oil via a gasification unit; licensed to Enecon – See New plant for green energy and landcare, 2000 (Media Release)

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J

Jockey – fungicide seed treatment for wheat crops

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K

Keratrans – A sublimation transfer printing process for wool developed during the 1970’s. The process significantly reduced the complexity and risks involved in printing both wool and wool polyester blends.
Keyhole Gas Tungsten Arc Welding – See GTAW

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L

Landguard™ pesticide residue treatment – process that provides a rapid, practical and cost-effective solution for the management of pesticide residues by hydrolysis enzymes; commercialised by Orica Watercare
LANDTEM – a world’s first scientific and technical outcome for minerals exploration
Laser Protection Filters – technology that uses thin film coatings to provide enhanced protection to army personnel against laser attack; collaboration between CSIRO, DSTO, Francis Lord Optics and Ellex Laser Systems
LEAP (Low Energy Accelerated Processing) – technology for rapid curing of concrete products
LFC (Lost Foam Casting) – a process that enables metals to be cast in intricate detail, with great accuracy; by making high volume complex, near net shape castings without cores, LFC can reduce or even eliminate machining
Lipidation – technology that links drugs with specialised lipids (fats) to facilitate delivery into cells – See Faulding and CSIRO Sign New Agreement To Expand Research Into Lipidation – A New Drug Delivery Technology, 1998 (Media Release)
Lo-Flo – an in-process effluent treatment for aqueous wool scouring

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M

Machine Washable suit technology – based on Total Easy care technology, the machine washable, wool blend, suit technology, developed in 2005/06, has been commercialised by AWI
Magnesium sheet production by twin roll casting – goes from ingot to cast in one step, producing semi-finished sheet ready for fabrication – See Ready to roll (Business Opportunity) and Magnesium International options agreement with CSIRO [external link]
Managed aquifer recharge – a method of adding a water source, such as recycled water, to aquifers (underground reservoirs) under controlled conditions
MCI™ (Molecular Composition of oil Inclusions) – technology that tracks oil type, age and source
MCT (Moisture Control Technology) – maintains field freshness over extended periods of storage and shipping
Meat Seal CX – technology where an edible coating prevents moisture loss in meats during refrigeration; licensed to ICI Food Specialities (later Surfactants); in 2000 licence passed back to CSIRO
Mechanisation of Australian viticulture
Mechanised cheese making – the Bell-SIRO Cheese-maker
Melt Transfer printing – developed in the 1970s to reduce the cost of conventional wool printing
MesoPorous Oxide Technology – removes arsenic from water
MicroMax – micro-encapsulation technology for maximising oil load and stability; used in the encapsulation of oil, oil soluble and oil dispersive bio-actives; Clover Corp. has exclusive licence to manufacture products under name of Driphorm-50
MIEX® – process that removes impurities from drinking water magnetically
MIP (Molecularly Imprinted Polymers) – a new generation of clean and ‘green’ separations technology to capture valuable molecules from food waste
MIR (Mid Infra Red) Soil Testing – allows rapid non-destructive prediction of a wide range of soil properties – See Developing technologies and products (CSIRO Land and Water)
Murata Vortex Spinning – developed in 2004; enables high quality wool and wool-blend yarns to be spun on the Murata Vortex Spinning (MVS) machine, a new high production system, originally designed for spinning cotton. The MVS system reduces wool spinning costs by 30%.
Murso Process – treats ilmenite concentrates

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N

NanoBang™ – quantitative lateral flow technique capable of determining the severity of a heart attack and the most effective response
Nanocomposite production
NEWGENSR – a process that produces synthetic rutile products exceeding 94 % titanium dioxide; developed in conjunction with Iluka Resources – See Mineral sands processing (Overview – Research)
NGCP – new pulse generation combustion technology that relies on sound waves to produce energy – See New combuster generates commercial heat, 2000 (Media Release)
NITA (Neutron Inelastic-scattering and Thermal-scatterring Analysis) – has the potential to create significant energy savings for the coal industry; works by firing neutrons at the target material (for example coal) and measuring the gamma rays emitted during the process
Nitroxide-mediated living radical polymerisation (NMP) – the first of the modern methods of controlling radical polymerisation; NMP has opened up enormous possibilities for specialty polymers useful in a wide range of applications

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O

OADV – an innovative, proprietary gene delivery technology based on ovine adenovirus (OAdV) to potentially manage and treat a range of cancers and infectious diseases; Business agreement with Biotech Equity Partners P/L managed by pharmaBank
OCEANMAG – a method that delivers magnetic tensor gradiometry (the rate of change of the strength of the magnetic field)
OMI™ (Oil Migration Intervals) – a log analysis algorithm to determine buoyancy and capillary controls in reservoirs in order to assess oil accumulation and location
OPTIM™ fibre processing – technology for wool fibres
OptiScan Imaging – imaging technology developed at CSIRO involving miniaturisation of the confocal microscope by use of fibre optics; commercialised by the Australian listed company Optiscan [external link]

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P

PACSI (Positron Annihilation Compton Scattering Imaging) – a novel gamma-ray imaging technique
Partial Digestion – soil sampling technique
Partial Root-Zone Drying – irrigation method has tricked grape vines into drought response mode while boosting yields and halving water usage
PCC (Post Combustion Capture) – technology that can reduce CO2 emissions by more than 85 % from existing coal and gas-fired power stations when coupled with carbon storage
Phage Biocatalysis™ – a rapid and potentially cost-effective alternative to traditional methods of enzyme catalysis
PhosFume – treatment used with SiroFlo that keeps stored grain insect and residue free
Phosphine Fumigator – portable phosphine fumigator; commercial agreement with United Phosphorus Limited (India) to develop and market an aluminium phosphide formulation (in wax block form) which requires a generator to extract and apply the phosphine content of the new formulation to fumigate stored grain. There are two versions – a rapid and a slow release version to service SiroFlo – being evaluated by Ausbulk Handling Ltd handling companies.
Pigment printing process for wool
Plascon – waste destruction process
Polyamine pretreatment of wool – effective for dyeing and print dyeing of wool and for the application of shrink-resist polymers to wool; works by removing the fibre cuticle surface (lipid) membranes which act as a barrier to these application processes
Powerline Monitoring – technology that measures distance between powerlines and trees from the air; combines stereo computer vision technology with a GIS – See Powerline eyes help prevent bushfires, 2001 (Media Release)
pPLEX – a suite of genetic promoters that are DNA switches; joint venture with RhoBio – See Expanding global agribusiness for Australia, 1999 (Media Release)
Predicta-B Test – cereal root disease testing service; joint venture between AventisCropScience, SARDI and CSIRO; marketed by C-Qentec Diagnostics
PTGS (Post-transcriptional gene silencing) – technology that uses hairpin RNA to vaccinate crops against viruses – See RNAi

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Q

QEM*SEM – automated mineral analysis technology using scanning electron microscopy – See QEMSCAN® mineral analysis
QGF and QGF-E (Quantitative Grain Fluorescence and Quantitative Grain Fluorescence on Extract Fluorescence) – technology for detecting current and palaeo-oil zones by measuring the intensity of fluorescence from ultraviolet light-excited hydrocarbons sealed in fluid inclusions and at the surface of siliciclastic rocks
Quantitative Cathodeluminescence Mapping – technology that determines composition of trace elements in quartz; a collaboration with Smithsonian Natural History Museum and Rice University, USA
Quench-Coat – novel coating process to protect galvanised products from ‘white rust’ zinc oxide
Quickstep – low cost, rapid fabrication floating mold technology to produce advanced fibre (carbon/Kevlar) and glass reinforced composite components

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R

RAFT polymerisation – a polymer technology which controls the variation of chain lengths during the polymerisation process; allows new materials to be customised to fit specific requirements, such as intelligent drug delivery, biocompatible materials, targeted personal care and cosmetics and additives to promote fuel efficiency
RAM and RAMex (Rotated Arc Mixer and heat exchanger) – an industrial mixer with the ability to mix thick fluids such as paints, foods, cosmetics or explosives; commercialised by Tasweld Engineering, with the assistance of the Advanced Manufacturing Cooperative Research Centre and the Victorian Centre for Advanced Materials Manufacturing
Reaction bonding – a technique for bonding metals to ceramic materials; licensed to several Australian firms for the construction of devices such as thermocouple sheaths for use in industrial pyrometry and solid-state (zirconia) sensors for measuring oxygen concentration in gases – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
ROI™ (Resistivity from Oil-water Inclusions) – a technique used to determine water saturation in oil reservoirs

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S

SBC (Sequential Biological Concentration) technology – permits repeated reuse of drainage water to grow crops – See Award for CSIRO Land and Water, Griffith, 1999 (Media Release)
Scrimber – an engineered alternative to sawn lumber/thinnings; now licensed to TimTek Australia P/L and marketed as TimTek – See TimTek (Mississippi state university) [external link]
SeasonAir – technology using a vertical feeds drier for the complete seasoning process of timber
Self-twist yarn – a novel approach to the spinning of worsted yarn which formed the basis of self-twist spinning, an entirely new concept in textile processing
Sensor Sock – developed in 2009, is a continuous monitoring and diagnostic device for measuring plantar (sole of foot) pressure used in the diagnosis and care of peripheral neuropathy
Short-term preservation of hides and skins – an alternative to salt preservation; adopted widely by the tanning industry; minimised hide and quality problems and led to substantial cost savings and environmental benefits
Sicor™ – technology that helps to stick polymers and polymeric products to other material; used in car industry – See also Australian credited for new science, 2000 (Media Release)
Sidoak – process to obtain low-cholesterol dairy products
SinterStation 2000 – selective laser sintering, transforms a design into a 3D model in hours
SiroChrome – recycling chrome tanning liquours in the leather industry; now called Direct Chrome liquor recycling – See Tanning waste minimisation processes
SiroCirc™ – fumigation technology for bins in grain storage system
SiroCLEAR™ – an optical sensing method for the detection and removal of contaminants from yarns while they are wound from a bobbin onto a cone
SiroCurd – cheese making starter system technology
SiroFAST™ (Fabric Assurance By Simple Testing) – a quality assurance system developed by CSIRO to meet industry’s need for a simple reliable method of predicting fabric performance
SiroFix – a resin treatment to give reduced felting and shrink resistance
SiroFlash – in which a brief exposure to UV light followed by conventional bleaching is used to prepare wool fabric for printing; also improves dye uptake and prevents the pilling of wool and cotton knitwear – See Vibrant colours for wool clothing (Profile – Project)
SiroFloc – fast water treatment technique using magnetite process for the preparation of potable water – See SiroFloc cleans up sewage in record time, 1993 (Media Release)
SiroFrag – technology for post-blast rock fragmentation size distribution measurement (photogrammetric sizing of blast rubble)
SiroFume™ – stored grain fumigant technology for sealed storage bins
SiroGlobin – process that recovers high grade protein for human consumption from animal blood; a by-product of meatworks
SiroGrip – water-based surface treatment for improving adhesion to natural polymers such as wood
SiroLanBAP™ process – an aqueous shrinkproofing process using polycarbomoyl sulfonate prepolymers (PCS); can be applied to both woollen and worsted fabrics without the necessity for prior chlorination or a subsequent washing-off stage
SiroLanCF – treatment for scour wastes; removes >95% dirt and wool wax from waste water; introduced to industry worldwide in the 1990s
SiroLan FleeceScan™ – portable, reliable, laser-based, on-farm wool classing system; enables growers to class their flocks objectively; licensed to AWTA – See Objective measurement of wool
SiroLan Laserscan™ – procedure for measuring average fibre diameter and fibre diameter distribution
SiroLan LTD (Low Temperature Dyeing) – a gentler, low-temperature dyeing process for wool; increases dyebath exhaustion and dye penetration; allows dyeing at below boiling for standard cycle time, or at boiling for a shorter time; technology licensed to Asia Pacific Specialty Chemical Ltd; used by mills in Australia, New Zealand and Asia – See Clean green way to dye wool takes off, 2000 (Media Release)
SiroLan PressTest™ – assesses the pressing performance of fabrics; manufactured by Swedish Packaging Machinery Pty Ltd and distributed by Wool Development International
SiroLan Tensor™ – tensile tester integrated with the user’s balance, personal computer, and printer for improved measurement of fibre bundle strength
SiroLan ZAOX™ – a continuous top shrink resistance treatment
SiroLime – recycling lime unhairing liquours to reduce effluent problems in the leather industry, now called hair-saving unhairing process – See Tanning waste minimisation processes
SiroLock™ – revolutionary card wire that increases capacity of individual card teeth to retain fibre; licensed to ECC-Platt SA (Roubaix) commercialised by Bekaert in 2007
SiroMat – optical technique for measuring fibre maturity; the process is now commercialised as the product Cottonscope and was licensed to BSC Electronics in 2010 under new startup Company Cottonscope Pty Ltd – See Cotton textiles (Overview)
SiroMoth – insect (clothes moths and carpet beetle) control for specialty animal fibres such as wool
SIRON – a process that breaks down cellulose feedstock to produce rayon
SiroNizing – a process to generate washable non-iron garments – See SiroSet
SiroPack – process that adds tracer compound for UV detection of wool faults
SiroPlan – land use planning procedure
SiroScour – technology for scouring Australian wool; yields clean, tangle-free scoured wool
SiroSeal – process that spreads very thin layer of hexadecanol over water surface to cut evaporation losses; also known as the Mansfield process
SiroSet – process for producing permanent creases in fabric
SiroSkin – sheep skin tanning process
SIROSMELT – improved smelting of metals process
SiroSOM – exploratory data-mining technology based on self-organising maps (SOMs)
SiroSpun – involves the combination of spinning and doubling in the one wool yarn production process
SiroTherm – process for softening of water by ion exchange using resins
SKIM (Skin Impression) Technology – accurately identifies type of wool follicles in adult sheep
Slow Mow – technology using a hormone which slows the growth of grass
SMART*CUT Technology (Super Material Abrasive Resistant Tools) – an advanced, very strong and highly wear-resistant, super-material cutting head system, developed for mining and excavation of soft to very hard rock. SMART*CUT technology is a patented bonding process for attaching diamond composite cutting elements to the body of cutting tools – See also SMART*CUT makes hard rock mining faster and more efficient (Solution)
Smart Dust – wireless sensor technology
‘Smart’ fridges – technology networking household and commercial fridges that allows them to negotiate the best time to consume electricity using ‘Smart Agent Technology’ or ‘Distributed Energy Agents’; have electronic controllers that delay the switch-off point when the electricity supply stops
SOAP (Selective Oil Agglomeration Process) – recovers fine coal from washery tailings streams
Soft Wear – process to produce non-irritant woollen jumpers
Soil Slotting – technology for the amelioration of poor soils
SolarScan™ – skin lesion and melanoma monitoring and diagnostic system; commercialised by Polartechnics
SoLiquid – technology that turns powders and solids into processed liquids, by mimicing whirlpool generated by cyclones; licensed to Saurin
SoloSpun™ – wool yarn production technology; a simple, inexpensive, clip-on attachment to standard long-staple spinning frames that produces robust, single-ply worsted yarns that withstand the stresses of weaving
SOSS (Self-Organising Sentient Structures) – a simulation of an aerospace vehicle that senses when it has been hit by debris and dispatches a robot to inspect and repair the damage
SpeedGrader – technology for high-speed scanning and grading of timber using microwave technology
Spillows™ – pillow (porous bag) technology for containing/collecting oil spills
Spinning Cone Column process [external link] uses a unique and extremely efficient gas-liquid contacting device for the production of high quality flavours with minimal thermal damage and minimal product losses – See Spinning cone column [PDF 510 KB]
Sportwool™ process – produces a lightweight, composite fabric consisting of a layer of machine-washable superfine Merino wool next to the skin and a layer of tough, easy-care polyester on the outside
Spot – an advanced microarray spot detection and characterisation technology for imaging analysis – See Image analysis activities (CSIRO Mathematics, Informatics and Statistics)
SR Motor (Switched Reluctance Motor) – direct-drive switched reluctance motor with advanced electronic control system; drives new Electrolux washing machine – See New washing machines use CSIRO technology (Solution)
SREP (Synthetic Rutile Enhancement Process) – for removal of thorium from ilmenite
Supercapacitors – energy storage devices with both high power and high energy; fills a gap in energy storage systems for miniaturised wireless communication applications where supercapacitors can extend battery life and device useability over a wide range of operating conditions, and enable some new functions; used globally to improve the performance of GPRS mobile stations; marketed by CAP-XX
Superwash – technology for the finishing of wool products to improve washability
SWAT-HT (Soil and Water Amendment Technology) – based on Hydrotalcite – See Developing technologies and products (CSIRO Land and Water)
Synthapret BAP – shrinkproofing treatment of wool
Synthapret BAP/Silicone – shrinkproofing treatments of wool allowing soft handle

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T

T6I4 – novel heat treatment which strengthens aluminium alloy composites and displays massive increased in damage tolerance
T6I6 – heat treatment process where after several hours of secondary aging at ambient temperature, the material is again subjected to high temperature aging
Test for Dark and Medullated Wool Fibre – high-speed, automated, inexpensive pre-sale test for dark and medullated fibre contamination caused by the introduction of coloured sheep breeds for meat production; developed in a CSIRO and AWTA collaboration; results in cost reduction from $150 to $40 per test, a saving for woolgrowers – See Objective measurement of wool
TiRO™ – process for the production of pure titanium metal
T-Mag™ casting technology – a new breakthrough technology for casting magnesium, that will help promote the use of magnesium in the automotive industry and allow casting of more complex designs; also has applications in the telecommunications and aerospace industries – See also New technology for casting magnesium automotive components (Profile – Project)
Toyobo – technology for high temperature matrix/composite development
TRC (Twin Roller Casting) – process that produces near-net-shape low cost magnesium sheet
Tris Lipidation – See Lipidation
TSF (Total Scanning Fluoroescence) – a technique that provides fluorescence fingerprints (three-dimensional excitation-emission spectra) for oil, surface and oil inclusion extracts from rock samples; provides an accurate method to detect the presence of crude oils in the drilling process and in distinguishing crude oil from contaminants in drilling cuttings
TurboFlotation – technology for extraction of fine coal particles faster and cheaper than conventional methods – See More coal – faster, cheaper and cleaner, 1999 (Media Release)
2-WAY PED (Personal Emergency Device) – reliable two-way communication technology between underground miners and the surface; formerly called MineCom; licensed to mine Site Technologies – See CSIRO and Mine Site Technologies join for safer mines, 2007 (Media Release)

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V

Vectogram™ technology – new generation OVD technology that produces two or more optical fields from a single image pixel, offering an enhanced range of optical effects including hidden micrographic and macrographic images and other new effects for high security printing – See World’s leading anti-counterfeiting technology for Europe, 2003 (Media Release)
Very High Speed Carding process for wool
Virtual Worlds – uses game technology to visualise construction projects in the form of an interactive 3D environment – See Construction Innovation: Bricks and Clicks (CSIRO SOLVE)

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W

Wool carbonising in the presence of detergents – cationic, anionic and low molecular weight non-ionic detergents were effective in protecting wool from acid damage during carbonising; adopted by the Laconia blanket factory enabling them to process wool of high burr content at heavily discounted prices without lessening the quality of the finished product
Wool recovery from sheepskin pieces by aerobic bacterial digestion – See Enzyme technology and fellmongering

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X

X-ray Phase Contrast Imaging – uses X-ray microscopes and X-ray phase-contrast imaging techniques to directly image the internal microstructures of even opaque and multi-layer objects. This work arguably constitutes the most fundamental physics-based advance in the exploitation and interpretation of X-rays for imaging in medicine, industry and science, since the pioneering work of Rontgen in 1895 – See also New X-ray microscope for science and industry, 2006 (Media Release)

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Z

ZERO2 – Oxygen scavenging technology which has the capability to be incorporated into a range of packaging materials including Polyethylene terephthalate (PET)
Zirconia powders process – for the production of high grade zirconia powders essential for the production of partially stabilised zirconia ceramics; these ceramics possess an impressive combination of properties which enable them to compete with metals and alloys in many applications where high temperature performance, erosion and corrosion resistance are required

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