Flowering gene publications

By September 29th, 2010

The following publications detail the work involved in the development of CSIRO’s FLOWERING LOCUS C and its control of the initiation of flowering in plants.


Greenup A, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, Trevaskis B, 2009, ‘The molecular biology of seasonal flowering-responses in Arabidopsis and the cereals’, Ann. Bot. (London), 103: 1165-1172.

Dennis ES, Peacock WJ, 2007, ‘Epigenetic regulation of flowering’, Curr. Opin. Plant Biol., 10: 520-527.

Finnegan EJ, Dennis ES, 2007, ‘Vernalization-induced trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 27 at FLC is not maintained in mitotically quiescent cells’, Curr. Biol., 17: 1978-1983.

Finnegan EJ, Sheldon CC, Jardinaud F, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, 2004, ‘A cluster of Arabidopsis genes with a coordinate response to an environmental stimulus’, Curr. Biol., 14: 911-916.

Finnegan EJ, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, 2000, ‘DNA methylation, a key regulator of plant development and other processes’, Curr. Opin. Genet. Dev., 10: 217-223.

Sheldon CC, Finnegan EJ, Rouse DT, Tadege M, Bagnall DJ, Helliwell CA, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, 2000, ‘The control of flowering by vernalization’, Curr. Opin. Plant Biol., 3: 418-422.

Dennis ES, Bilodeau P, Burn J, Finnegan EJ, Genger R, Helliwell C, Kang BJ, Sheldon CC, Peacock, WJ, 1998, ‘Methylation controls the low temperature induction of flowering in Arabidopsis‘, Symp. Soc. Exp. Biol., 51: 97-103.


Bond DM, Wilson IW, Dennis ES, Pogson BJ, Finnegan EJ, 2009, ‘VERNALIZATION INSENSITIVE 3(VIN3) is required for the response of Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings exposed to low oxygen conditions’, Plant J., 59: 576-587.

Hemming MN, Fieg S, James Peacock W, Dennis ES, Trevaskis B, 2009, ‘Regions associated with repression of the barley (Hordeum vulgare) VERNALIZATION1 gene are not required for cold induction’, Mol. Genet. Genomics, 282: 107-117.

Oliver SN, Finnegan EJ, Dennis ES, Peacock WJ, 2009, Trevaskis B. ‘Vernalization-induced flowering in cereals is associated with changes in histone methylation at the VERNALIZATION1 gene’, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 106: 8386-8391.

Sasani S, Hemming MN, Oliver SN, Greenup A, Tavakkol-Afshari R, Mahfoozi S, Poustini K, Sharifi HR, Dennis ES, Peacock WJ, Trevaskis B, 2009, ‘The influence of vernalization and daylength on expression of flowering-time genes in the shoot apex and leaves of barley (Hordeum vulgare)’, J. Exp. Bot., 60: 2169-2178.

Sheldon CC, Jean Finnegan E, James Peacock W, Dennis ES, 2009, ‘Mechanisms of gene repression by vernalization in Arabidopsis‘, Plant J., 59: 488-498.

Andersson CR, Helliwell CA, Bagnall DJ, Hughes TP, Finnegan EJ, Peacock WJ, Dennis, ES, 2008, ‘The FLX gene of Arabidopsis is required for FRI-dependent activation of FLC expression’, Plant Cell. Physiol., 49: 191-200.

Hemming MN, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, Trevaskis B, 2008, ‘Low-temperature and daylength cues are integrated to regulate FLOWERING LOCUS T in barley’, Plant Physiol., 147: 355-366.

Robertson M, Helliwell CA, Dennis ES, 2008, ‘Post-translational modifications of the endogenous and transgenic FLC protein in Arabidopsis thaliana‘, Plant Cell. Physiol., 49: 1859-1866.

Sheldon CC, Hills MJ, Lister C, Dean C, Dennis ES, Peacock WJ, 2008, ‘Resetting of FLOWERING LOCUS C expression after epigenetic repression by vernalization’, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 105: 2214-2219.

Trevaskis B, Hemming MN, Dennis ES, Peacock WJ, 2007, ‘The molecular basis of vernalization-induced flowering in cereals’, Trends Plant Sci., 12: 352-357.

Dennis ES, Helliwell CA, Peacock WJ, 2006, ‘Vernalization: spring into flowering’, Dev. Cell., 11: 1-2.

Helliwell CA, Wood CC, Robertson M, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, 2006, ‘The Arabidopsis FLC protein interacts directly in vivo with SOC1 and FT chromatin and is part of a high-molecular-weight protein complex’, Plant J., 46: 183-192.

Sheldon CC, Finnegan EJ, Dennis ES, Peacock WJ, 2006, ‘Quantitative effects of vernalization on FLC and SOC1 expression’, Plant J., 45: 871-883.

Trevaskis B, Hemming MN, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, 2006, ‘HvVRN2 responds to daylength, whereas HvVRN1 is regulated by vernalization and developmental status’, Plant Physiol., 140: 1397-1405.

Wood CC, Robertson M, Tanner G, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, Helliwell CA, 2006, ‘The Arabidopsis thaliana vernalization response requires a polycomb-like protein complex that also includes VERNALIZATION INSENSITIVE 3′, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 103: 14631-14636.

Finnegan EJ, Kovac KA, Jaligot E, Sheldon CC, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, 2005, ‘The downregulation of FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) expression in plants with low levels of DNA methylation and by vernalization occurs by distinct mechanisms’, Plant J., 44: 420-432.

Wilson IW, Kennedy GC, Peacock JW, Dennis ES, 2005, ‘Microarray analysis reveals vegetative molecular phenotypes of Arabidopsis flowering-time mutants’, Plant Cell. Physiol., 46: 1190-1201.

Genger RK, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, Finnegan EJ, 2003, ‘Opposing effects of reduced DNA methylation on flowering time in Arabidopsis thaliana‘, Planta, 216: 461-466.

Tadege M, Sheldon CC, Helliwell CA, Upadhyaya NM, Dennis ES, Peacock WJ, 2003, ‘Reciprocal control of flowering time by OsSOC1 in transgenic Arabidopsis and by FLC in transgenic rice’, Plant Biotechnol. J., 1: 361-369.

Trevaskis B, Bagnall DJ, Ellis MH, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, 2003, ‘MADS box genes control vernalization-induced flowering in cereals’, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 100: 13099-13104.

Rouse DT, Sheldon CC, Bagnall DJ, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, 2002, ‘FLC, a repressor of flowering, is regulated by genes in different inductive pathways’, Plant J., 29: 183-191.

Sheldon CC, Conn AB, Dennis ES, Peacock WJ, 2002, ‘Different regulatory regions are required for the vernalization-induced repression of FLOWERING LOCUS C and for the epigenetic maintenance of repression’, Plant Cell., 14: 2527-2537.

Gocal GF, Sheldon CC, Gubler F, Moritz T, Bagnall DJ, MacMillan CP, Li SF, Parish RW, Dennis ES, Weigel D, King RW, 2001, ‘GAMYB-like genes, flowering, and gibberellin signaling in Arabidopsis‘, Plant Physiol., 127: 1682-1693.

Helliwell CA, Chin-Atkins AN, Wilson IW, Chapple R, Dennis ES, Chaudhury A, 2001, ‘The Arabidopsis AMP1 gene encodes a putative glutamate carboxypeptidase’, Plant Cell., 13: 2115-2125.

Tadege M, Sheldon CC, Helliwell CA, Stoutjesdijk P, Dennis ES, Peacock WJ, 2001, ‘Control of flowering time by FLC orthologues in Brassica napus‘, Plant J., 28: 545-553.

Sheldon CC, Rouse DT, Finnegan EJ, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, 2000, ‘The molecular basis of vernalization: the central role of FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC)’, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 97: 3753-3758.

Sheldon CC, Burn JE, Perez PP, Metzger J, Edwards JA, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, 1999, ‘The FLF MADS box gene: a repressor of flowering in Arabidopsis regulated by vernalization and methylation’, Plant Cell., 11: 445-458.

Finnegan EJ, Genger RK, Kovac K, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, 1998, ‘DNA methylation and the promotion of flowering by vernalization’, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 95: 5824-5829.

Southerton SG, Strauss SH, Olive MR, Harcourt RL, Decroocq V, Zhu X, Llewellyn DJ, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, 1998, ‘Eucalyptus has a functional equivalent of the Arabidopsis floral meristem identity gene LEAFY’, Plant Mol. Biol., 37: 897-910.

Finnegan EJ, Peacock WJ, Dennis ES, 1996, ‘Reduced DNA methylation in Arabidopsis thaliana results in abnormal plant development’, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 93: 8449-8454.

Burn JE, Bagnall DJ, Metzger JD, Dennis ES, Peacock WJ, 1993, ‘DNA methylation, vernalization, and the initiation of flowering’, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 90: 287-291.

Meeks-Wagner DR, Dennis ES, Tran Thanh Van K, Peacock WJ, 1989, ‘Tobacco genes expressed during in vitro floral initiation and their expression during normal plant development’, Plant Cell., 1: 25-35.