Genetically modified cotton publications

By October 12th, 2010

The following publications detail the work involved in the development of CSIRO’s Genetically modified insect-resistant and herbicide-resistant cotton varieties.

Book Chapters

Fitt GP, 2008, ‘Have Bt Crops led to changes in insecticide use patterns and impacted IPM?’, In: Integration of insect-resistant GM crops within IPM Programs, Romeis J, Shelton AM, Kennedy GG (eds), Springer, 11: 303-328.

Fitt GP, Andow DA, Nguyen H, Caprio M, Omoto C, Nguyen T, Nguyen S, Bui C, 2008, ‘Resistance risk assessment and management for Bt cotton in Vietnam’, In: Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms: Challenges and Opportunities with Bt Cotton in Vietnam, Andow DA, Hilbeck A, Nguyen VT, CABI Publishing, UK, 12: 296-329.

Fitt GP, Wilson L, Kelly D, Mensah R, 2008, ‘Advances with integrated pest management as a component of sustainable agriculture: the case of the Australian cotton industry’, In: Dissemination of Integrated Pest Management Technology: Theory and Practice, Peshin R (ed), Springer, 17: 507-524.

Fitt G, Omoto C, Maia AH, Waqil J, Caprio M, Dennehy T, Okech M, Alves Z, Cia E, Nguyen H, Andow DA, 2005, ‘Resistance risks of Bt cotton and their management in Brazil’, In: Environmental Risk Assessment of Transgenic Organisms: A Case Study of Bt Cotton in Brazil, Hilbeck A, Andow D (eds), CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK, 12: 300-345.

Fitt G, Andow DA, Carrière Y, Moar WA, Schuler T, Omoto C, Kanya J, Okech M, Arama P, Maniania NK, 2004, ‘Resistance risks and management associated with Bt maize in Kenya’, In: Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms, Volume 1: A Case Study of Bt Maize in Kenya, Hilbeck A, Andow D (eds), CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK, 7: 209-249.

Llewellyn DJ, Higgins TJV, 2002, ‘Transgenic crop plants with increased tolerance to insect pests’, In: Plant Biotechnology and Transgenic Plants, Oksman-Caldentey K-M, Barz WH (eds), Marcel Dekker Inc., pp.571-595.

Constable GA, Reid PE, Thomson NJ, 2001, ‘Approaches utilized in breeding and development of cotton cultivars in Australia’, In: Genetic Improvement of Cotton – Emerging Technologies, Jenkins JN, Saha S (eds), Science Publishers Inc., USA, pp.1-15.

Fitt GP, 1997, ‘Risks, deployment and integration of insect resistant crops expressing genes from Bacillus thuringiensis‘, In: Commercialisation of transgenic crops: risk, benefit and trade considerations, McLean GD, Waterhouse PM, Evans G, Gibbs MJ (eds), Co-operative Research Centre for Plant Science and Bureau of Resource Sciences, Canberra, pp.273-284.


Dennis ES, Ellis J, Green A, Llewellyn D, Morell M, Tabe L, Peacock WJ, 2008, ‘Genetic contributions to agricultural sustainability’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 363: 591-609.

Fitt GP, 1994, ‘Cotton pest management: Part 3. An Australian perspective’, Ann. Review of Entomology, 39: 543-562.


Baker GH, Tann CR, Fitt GP, 2008, ‘Production of Helicoverpa spp. (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) from different refuge crops to accompany transgenic cotton plantings in eastern Australia’, Australian J. Agric. Res., 59: 723-732.

Conaty WC, Tan DKY, Constable GA, Sutton BG, Field DJ, Mamun EA, 2008, ‘Genetic variation for waterlogging tolerance in cotton’, J. Cotton Sci., 12: 53-61.

Charles GW, Constable GA, Llewellyn DJ, Hickman MA, 2007, ‘Tolerance of cotton expressing 2,4-D detoxification gene to 2,4-D applied in the field’, Australian J. Agric. Res., 58: 780-787.

Constable GA, Preston C, Gupta VVSR, 2007, ‘GM Cotton: benefits, risks and challenges’, J. Aust. Inst. Agric. Sci., 20: 28-32.

Llewellyn D, Tyson C, Constable G, Duggan B, Beale S, Steel P, 2007, ‘Containment of regulated genetically modified cotton in the field’, Agricultural Ecosystems and Environment, 121: 419-429.

Whitehouse MEA, Wilson LJ, Constable GA, 2007, ‘Target and non-target effects on the invertebrate community of Vip cotton, a new insecticidal transgenic’, Australian J. Agric. Res., 58: 273-285.

Knox OGG, Constable GA, Pyke B, Gupta VVSR, 2006, ‘Environmental impact of conventional and Bt insecticidal cotton expressing one and two Cry genes in Australia’, Australian J. Agric. Res., 57: 501-509.

Stiller WN, Read JJ, Constable GA, Reid PE, 2005, ‘Selection for water use efficiency traits in a cotton breeding program: cultivar differences’, Crop Science, 45: 1107-1113.

Whitehouse MEA, Wilson LJ, Fitt GP, 2005, ‘A comparison of Arthropod communities in transgenic Bt and conventional cotton in Australia’, Environmental Entomology, 34: 1224-1241.

Stiller WN, Reid PE Constable GA, 2004, ‘Maturity and leaf shape as traits influencing cotton cultivar adaptation to dryland conditions’, Agronomy J., 96: 656-664.

Fitt GP, 2000, ‘An Australian approach to IPM in cotton: integrating new technologies to minimise insecticide dependence’, Crop Protection, 19: 793-800.

Llewellyn DL, Fitt GP, 1996, ‘Pollen dispersal from a field trial of transgenic cotton in the Namoi Valley, Australia’, Molecular Breeding, 2: 157-166.

Fitt GP, Mares CL, Llewellyn DJ, 1994, ‘Field evaluation and potential ecological impact of transgenic cottons in Australia’, Biocontrol Science and Technology, 4: 535-548.

Conference proceedings

Constable GA, Bange MP, 2007, ‘Producing and preserving fiber quality: from the seed to the bale’, In: Proc. of the World Cotton Research Conference-4, Lubbock TX, Sept 10-14, Stephens M (ed), Lubbock, TX.

Constable GA, Reid PE, Stiller WN, 2007, ‘Breeding for resistance to a new strain of Fusarium wilt in Australia’, In: Proc. of the World Cotton Research Conference-4, Lubbock TX, Sept 10-14, Stephens M (ed), Lubbock, TX.

Stiller W, Reid P, Constable G, 2006, ‘Lessons learnt in developing transgenic cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) varieties’, In: Breeding for success: diversity in action, Proc. 13th Australasian Plant Breeding Conference, Christchurch, New Zealand, 18-21 April, 6 pages.

Fitt GP, 2004, ‘Implementation and impact of transgenic Bt cottons in Australia’, In: Cotton Production for the New Millennium, Proc. of the third World Cotton Research Conference, 9-13 March, 2003, Cape Town, South Africa, Agricultural Research Council – Institute for Industrial Crops, Pretoria, South Africa, pp.371-381.

Eastick RJ, Yeates SJ, Constable GA, 2002, ‘Weediness in Bt crops’, In: Biotechnology of _Bacillus thuringiensis and its environmental impact_, Akhurst RJ, Beard CE, Hughes P (eds), Proc. 4th Pacific Rim Conference, Canberra, 11-15 November, 2001, pp.183-190.

Constable GA, 1998, ‘Breeding and cultivar development of cotton for specific cropping systems’, In: Proc. 2nd World Cotton Research Conference, Athens, 6-12 September, pp.3-9.

Constable GA, Llewellyn DJ, Reid PE, 1998, ‘Biotechnology risks and benefits: the Ingard cotton example’, In: Agronomy: growing a greener future, Michalk DL, Pratley JE (eds), Proc. 9th Australian Agronomy Conference, Wagga Wagga, 20-23 July, pp.92-98.

Roush RT, Fitt GP, Forrester NW, Daly JC, 1998, ‘Resistance management for insecticidal transgenic drops: theory and practice’, In: Pest management – future challenges, Zalucki MP, Drew RAI, White GG (eds), Proc. of the 6th Australasian Applied Entomology Conference, Brisbane, University of Qld Press, Brisbane, pp.247- 257.