Dr Llewellyn graduated with a Bachelor of Science with Honours and a PhD, from the Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia.
He is a molecular biologist with a passion for the new genetics afforded by the genomics age where all the genetic information of many different organisms important to man’s health, and food and natural fibre supply are being minutely decoded and catalogued. His basic research work focuses on the discovery of new genes for use in plant biotechnology, as well as the use of transgenic (GM) plants to study the developmental processes in cotton that underpin its agronomic performance. He made his, and Australia’s, first experimental GM plant in 1981 and says:
At the time it was a tedious, often hit and miss process, but now we can routinely add new genes to a range of crop and model plants or to turn off specific plant genes and the GM technique has become fundamental to many new discoveries in plant science that will be our future GM traits.
He pioneered the use of GM plants to study how the expression of plant genes are controlled, particularly during periods of stress, as well as in the improvement of the agronomic performance of agricultural crop plants, particularly cotton.
He has been involved in the cloning and analysis of alcohol dehydrogenase and other genes expressed during waterlogging in plants. Dr Llewellyn has also been involved in the discovery and analysis of plant haemoglobin genes (some of which are involved in the waterlogging response) and how their expression can be manipulated to improve performance of crops whose roots become flooded.
He has been involved in dissecting the genes that control cotton fibre development using modern genomic tools and techniques to compare global gene expression profiles between different cotton genotypes that produce different numbers or types of fibres and has resulted in the identification of a number of master regulator genes (transcription factors) essential for the production of the fibres on the cotton seed.
On the applied side, Dr Llewellyn has been actively involved in the discovery and evaluation of the following types of genes in transgenic cotton plants:
- insect resistance
- herbicide tolerance
- disease tolerance.
He has pioneered the field evaluation of transgenic cotton working closely with researchers, companies and regulatory agencies to evaluate and deploy new GM traits into cotton production in Australia.
Danny Llewellyn led CSIRO’s research into the application of biotechnology to the improvement of cotton production.
He has played an important role in developing the insect and herbicide tolerant, genetically modified cotton varieties which currently dominate the cotton industry.
Dr Llewellyn’s research into the molecular control of cotton fibre development may lead to the production of novel GM cotton varieties with improved fibre quality characteristics and help maintain the competitive position for Australian cotton in the global natural fibre market.
Honours and awards
Dr Llewellyn is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering (ATSE) and has received the following major awards for his work:
|CSIRO Chairman’s Medal with Greg Constable, Warwick Stiller, Shiming Liu, Peter Reid and members of the cotton breeding and biotechnology teams
|ATSE Clunies Ross Award with Greg Constable and Gary Fitt
|CSIRO Chairman’s Medal with Greg Constable
|Centenary Medal for services to biotechnology with Greg Constable
|Australian Cotton Grower’s Research Association Researcher of the Year
- Catizone I, 2009, Personal communication.