Graeme John Ogilvie [1924-2001]
Graeme John Ogilvie was born on 23 November 1924. He obtained a Bachelors degree in Metallurgical Engineering and a Master of Engineering Science with First-Class Honours, both from the University of Melbourne, both in the 1940s, supported by a Stawell Research Scholarship from the University. He was then awarded a CSIR fellowship to undertake research for a PhD degree at Leeds University, UK.
On returning to Australia he joined the CSIR – Tribophysics Section (later the Division of Tribophysics), in March 1947. In his first research at CSIR he carried out pioneering investigations into ductility, developing experimental techniques to remove the constraints imposed by inter-crystalline boundaries. He also developed a unique method for heating specimens very rapidly on a microscope stage. In 1955, Dr Walter Boas, the Chief of the CSIRO Division of Tribophysics, wrote:
Ogilvie has a deep knowledge in the fields of metallurgy and physics, of which he makes use with great imagination and originality of thought.
Other research projects
Radiation damage to materials
In the 1950s, there was little understanding of the influences of particle bombardment on surfaces. Graeme commenced work in this field in 1957 and by 1958 Dr Boas noted:
The work initiated by Ogilvie has now led to a new method of preparation of surfaces. He is a source of enthusiasm and inspiration to those working with him. I think the new field he has opened up will prove very important and have wide applications.
Three years later Dr Boas wrote,
This work has become one of our major projects. It is a new field with important applications, some of which have already aroused considerable interest by industry. The progress is dependent on Ogilvie’s versatility and his ability to delve into a subject in which neither he nor any of us previously had any experience.
The work had a significant influence on the development of ion implantation procedures for the production of solid-state electronic devices, and also was important in the theory of radiation damage.
Information transmission by fibre optics and the establishment of the Australian optical fibre cable industry
In 1966, workers in the UK had proposed optical fibres for transmission of enormous amounts of information. However, impurities in glass fibres limited transmission distances to a few metres. Graeme realised that certain organic liquids, such as tetrachloroethylene, could be relatively easily purified and he conceived the concept of a liquid-filled hollow fibre. He designed and built a machine capable of producing such fibres in excess of one kilometre in length, and developed appropriate practical terminals and signalling equipment to demonstrate the practical potential of his system. This resulted in a number of patents taken out by CSIRO and joint project work between CSIRO, AWA Ltd, and The Australian Postmaster General.
In spite of the world leading achievements resulting from Ogilvie’s research, CSIRO did not support any further activities in this field. The two collaborating partners, however, continued their work in this area. Graeme’s work was the catalyst for the substantial Australian optical fibre cable industry, which exists today.
The manufacture of glass capillary columns for gas chromatographs
The original fibre-pulling machine developed by Graeme for his fibre optics research was later installed at Scientific Glass and Engineering Pty Ltd, where it was used to manufacture glass capillary columns for gas chromatographs, an Australian product exported worldwide.
The development of the controlled pulsed arc welder
Having been told that he should change his research activities, Graeme, moved on to study the electric arc. Working with two colleagues and a small budget, he came up with a unique method for controlling a pulsed current applied to an electric arc which led to the development of Synchro-Pulse CDT (Controlled Drop Transfer) welding system. The importance of this achievement was recognised by Welding Industries of Australia Pty Ltd (WIA), who signed an agreement with CSIRO in 1981 to develop a device which was widely adopted in Australian manufacturing and fabrication companies and has been sold to most countries of the world. This system is still in wide use throughout the world.
Graeme was always rather disparaging of bureaucracy and organisation. However, when Dr RH (Bob) Brown was appointed to form the Division of Manufacturing Technology in 1980, it became very clear that Graeme had the leadership qualities ideally suited for establishing a unique path to industrial research outcomes. His past scientific achievements assured respect by all staff and his enthusiasm for attacking the interface between scientific investigation and industrial practice provided effective motivation for industrial achievement. His wide knowledge and wisdom rapidly convinced industry partners of the real advantages of working in close collaboration with researchers. He strongly pushed the view that CSIRO should work WITH, rather than FOR industry and he encouraged the concept of industry/research teams, which change membership as innovations move to the market.
Graeme was appointed Assistant Chief of the Division of Manufacturing Technology; Officer in Charge of the Melbourne Laboratory and Research Leader of the Arc Technics Group. He served in these roles until his retirement from CSIRO in November 1989.
On his retirement he set up a new company, Ogilvie Research Pty Ltd to pursue a series of novel processes for the treatment of materials by the electric arc. He led the development of a number of products, which had their genesis from the technology of the pulse welder, although the applications are very diverse. These included:
- plasma spray equipment
- a plasma device which allows material to be injected into the centre of the plasma arc.
Throughout his career Graeme Ogilvie demonstrated a very broad understanding of physics and engineering and he combined this with an understanding of practicalities, leading to scientific and technological achievement.
For many years Graeme, with his wife and their son and daughter, ran a small farming venture at Romsey, undertaking the many challenges thrown up in that environment – including repairing a broken tendon on a sheep! After leaving CSIRO he and Pixie sold the farm and moved to Ocean Grove where they have happily spent the last 12 years enjoying country and beach life. Graeme has been active with his own research company and with affairs in the local community. One activity has been making picture frames for paintings by his wife Pixie and an Ocean Grove art group.
He died at his home at Ocean Grove during the night of 28-29 January 2001. He was 76. In a long and fruitful life, Graeme contributed much to science, engineering and innovation. He displayed great leadership and humanitarian qualities. A sympathetic listener and a lateral thinker; he was usually able to propose a wise solution to most difficult technical or personal problems.
Honours and awards
He was elected a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering in 1992 and was awarded one of the three inaugural CSIRO Medals for Research Achievement in 1985.
His understanding of effective transfer research findings to industry were recognised:
- by the selection of the pulse welder as a case study by The Basic Metals and Mineral Processing Industry Council in their 1989 publication, R&D – a Guide to Successful Collaboration on Industrial Projects
- by the publication in 1997 of the book, Research Development and Innovation (Brown RH, Carter AR, Davie RS, Ogilvie GJ, Engineers Australia Books, Crows Nest, NSW), with Graeme as one of the four authors.
1989 – 92
Member of Research Board, Welding Technology Institute of Australia
1989 – 90
Member of Council, Welding Technology Institute of Australia
1985 – 89
Member of Council, Australian Welding Research Association
1984 – 92
Member of Panel 14, Welding Technology Institute of Australia
1982 – 89
Member of Panel 14, Australian Welding Research Association
- Brown RH, 2009, Personal communication.