Walter Moritz Boas was born in Berlin on 10 February 1904. He graduated with the Diploma of Engineering (Applied Physics) at the Technische Hochschule, Berlin in February 1928 and a Doctor of Engineering (Dr Ing.) at the Technische Hochschule of Berlin early in 1930.
He worked in the Metallurgy Department at the University of Melbourne from 1938 to 1947 and joined the CSIR Section of Tribophysics in 1947 as a Principal Research Scientist. On his appointment Boas received a welcoming letter from the Chairman, Sir David Rivett, in which he wrote:
I only hope that we shall succeed in providing not only the facilities, but also the freedom and happy atmosphere which are essentialâ€¦Dr Bastow and his colleagues are, I know, delighted to have you in the family circle.
Boas found freedom, facilities and a happy atmosphere under the leadership of Bastow and he wasted no time in building up a research group on the physics of metals, adding to existing staff by recruiting new staff mainly from among his former students. Research projects were quickly under way on, for example, plastic deformation of alloys consisting of two phases, the destruction of order by plastic deformation and its recovery on annealing and the inhomogeneity of deformation of crystals in polycrystalline aggregates.
Before a year had elapsed, the Section of Tribophysics was redesignated as a Division in CSIR (in 1948) with Bastow as Chief. Boas was appointed its second Chief on 27 October 1949, a position he held until his retirement from CSIRO on his 65th birthday in February 1969.
Boas, an enthusiastic man of science, was not really ready for retirement in 1969 and he became an Honorary Senior Associate in metal physics in his old Department of Metallurgy at the University of Melbourne. Once again he became an active member of the department and initiated there a research program on the mechanical properties of organic crystals.
Thus in his final years of so-called retirement Walter Boas was back amongst the young students he loved and full of ideas and enthusiasm for revitalising an ageing department. During this period, he developed an active association with the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology and was the first Chairman of the Applied Physics Course Advisory Committee. From 1969 he was Chairman of the Editorial Board of Search for ANZAAS.
It is clear from Walter Boas’s life as a teacher and a scientific leader that he always had a great personal interest in the encouragement of high scientific achievement by young people, and for this quality, among many others, he will be remembered as an outstanding leader in Australian science.
The high regard in which Walter Boas was held by the Australian scientific community is illustrated by the fact that, in 1984, the Australian Institute of Physics established the ‘Walter Boas Medal’ to promote excellence in research in physics in Australia. This Medal is awarded annually for original research work described in papers published in the preceding four years.
In addition, in acknowledgement of Boas’s interests in the education of science students, the Department of Applied Physics of the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology established the ‘Walter Boas Memorial Prize’ in 1983 which is awarded annually to the best student in the final year of the Bachelor of Applied Science degree course.
Honours and awards
Throughout his career Boas worked actively for the learned societies in both metallurgy and physics and he received many high awards for his contributions to science including:
Fellowships and international committee memberships
|1972||Elected a Corresponding Member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences at Vienna|
|1969-72||Chairman, Commission of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics|
|1966-72||Vice President, Commission of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics|
|1966-69||Secretary, Commission of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics|
|1965||Foreign Scientific Fellow, Max-Planck-Institut fÃ¼r Metallkunde|
|1963||Elected to the Solid State Commission of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics|
|1962||Foundation, Fellow Australian Institute of Physics|
|1954||Fellow, Australian Academy of Science and served on its Council from 1964 to 1966|
|1943||Fellow, Institute of Physics (UK)|
|1974||Doctor of Applied Science, honoris causa, University of Melbourne ‘ for his unique and continuing contribution to the deeper scientific understanding of materials, a most important factor in the development of the Department of Metallurgy and the whole School of Engineering|
|1964||Einstein Memorial Lecturer, Australian Institute of Physics|
|1962||President, Australian Institute of Metals|
|1960||Silver Medal, Australian Institute of Metals|
|1941||Foundation Member of the Australian Institute of Metals|
A full account of the life and achievements of Walter Boas can be found by following the link in the Source details below.
- Clarebrough LM, Head AK, 1987, Biographical memoirs: Walter Boas 1904-1982, Historical Records of Australian Science, 6 (4): 507-517. [Australian Academy of Science – http://sciencearchive.org.au/fellows/memoirs/boas.html].