Ravi Anand

By April 21st, 2011


Dr Ravi Anand was born in Paraur, India on 27 December 1951 and completed his primary and secondary education there. He obtained his BSc in pedology and geomorphology at Himachal University, India in 1972 and completed his Masters degree in Soil Science in 1974 from Punjab Agricultural University. He was a lecturer at Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University from 1975-1981.

In 1981 Ravi came to the University of Western Australia to do his PhD on weathering processes, which he completed in 1984. He then became a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Western Australia.

He joined CSIRO in 1987 as a Research Scientist in the Division of Mineralogy, carrying out research with Ray Smith and Charles Butt into methods of exploring for concealed mineral deposits in Australia’s deeply weathered terrains.

Ravi (with Ian Robertson), was Applications Coordinator of the CRC for Landscape Evolution and Mineral exploration (1995-2001) and Program leader of Program 2 in the CRC for Landscape Environments and Mineral Exploration (2001-2008). He became an Adjunct Professor in regolith geology in 2001 at Curtin University of Technology and Chief Research Scientist in CSIRO in 2006.

For over 35 years Ravi has worked tirelessly on the technical challenges of exploration in regolith terrains in Australia. He is an internationally renowned expert in the fields of weathering, regolith geology and geochemical exploration who has had an extraordinary impact for the industry. He has led many successful multi-clients Australian Mineral Industries Research Association Limited (AMIRA) projects, and  large one to one projects with industry and Geological Surveys, focusing on gold, base metals and nickel exploration in the regolith-dominated terrains of Australia. He contributed to, and led, the teams which worked to understand regolith processes and landscape evolution, and sought to describe systematically what it was that they saw, placing those regolith materials into a consistent, process-related framework. He set up the procedures whereby exploration teams firstly learned the significance of the regolith materials, then learned how to recognise and record these in the field, and finally to understand the geochemical significance of these materials. Ravi’s greatest contribution to the field is his characterisation of the minerals in the iron-rich (ferruginous) material of the laterite, the top geological layer of red, porous, iron-rich material. Together with his colleagues in CSIRO, he has modelled how this material forms, demonstrated relationships to past climatic conditions and developed optimal sampling methods for use during mineral exploration. This has contributed to the discoveries of a series of gold deposits in Australia, including Bronzewing, Jundee and Nimary, valued alone at over $2B. The approaches developed are part of an explorer’s “tool kit” and are also used by industry in Africa and South America, an important contribution to the export economy of Australia

Ravi’s and his team most recent discovery is that native trees take up gold and other metals from far below and deposit them in their leaves and branches. Similarly, termites bring up small iron particles containing gold from buried deposits and stockpile them in their mounds. These findings provide an unprecedented opportunity for mineral exploration, as the leaves and termite mounds indicate deposits concealed by metres of regolith. Vegetation and termite mound sampling, cheaper than drilling, are now widely used and estimated to provide significant cost savings. Dr Anand and his team are now extending their work to the role of fungi in moving gold, and developing tools such as microbial DNA and passive gas sensors for potential detection devices.

He has successfully included a very active PhD and Honours student program in his research, involving students from Curtin University, University of Western Australia, University of Tasmania and the Australian National University. In his view this was a special role for a CSIRO scientist to take on and a valuable initiative to enhance technology transfer.

With his colleagues, he broadened the way exploration companies understand and use the regolith in mineral exploration in Australia and in similar environments around the world, such as South America and Africa. He also conducted undergraduate, postgraduate and professional development courses in Australia, Africa, South America and Europe. Over 3000 industry geologists have experienced his teaching and mentorship to improve their understanding through regolith and geochemistry courses, workshops, field excursions and seminars.

Ravi has over 100 fully refereed research papers. Two landmark papers (Anand and Paine, 2002; Anand and Butt, 2010) on the regolith and geochemistry of the Yilgarn Craton were published as monograph special issues of the Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, a key journal for the industry. He has H-index = 26; 2440 citations (Google Scholar).

Honours and awards

Ravi has been recognised with a number of awards, including:

2017 WA Scientist of the Year (Finalist)
2017 CSIRO Mineral Resources Impact Award
2015 Gold Medal for Outstanding Scientific Achievement in Exploration Geochemistry, International Association of Applied Geochemists (Tucson, USA)
2015 CSIRO Mineral Resources Impact Award
2014 Gibb Maitland Medal for Outstanding Contribution to Geosciences, Geological Society of Australia
2014 Fellow International Association of Applied Geochemists
2013 CSIRO Science Excellence Award
2012 Distinguished Lecturer 2013-14: International Association of Applied Geochemists
2012 A.B. Edwards Award for best paper published in the Australian Journal of Earth Sciences
2012 CSIRO Newton Turner Award
2008 CRC for Landscape Environments and Mineral Exploration award – outstanding scientific management and delivery – Program 2 (Mineral Exploration in areas of cover)
2008 CRC LEME Leader and team award for AMIRA P778 project (predictive geochemistry in areas of transported overburden)
2006 Butt Smith Medal for making an outstanding and sustained contribution linking regolith geoscience to mineral exploration in Australia
2002 FL Stillwell Award (Geological Society of Australia) – Best paper in Australian Journal of Earth Sciences
1997 CSIRO Medal for Research Achievement (with Ray Smith, Charles Butt and the Lateritic Environments Team)
1994 Sir Ian McLennan Achievement for industry award. Joint Recipients: CSIRO Lateritic Environments Team (Ravi Anand and Ray Smith, Co-Leaders, and team members Max Churchward, Tim Munday, Cajetan Phang, Ian Robertson and John Wildman; the Australian Mineral Industries Research Association Ltd (AMIRA); Great Central Mines
1984 Publication Medal, Australian Society of Soil Science – ‘Feldspar weathering in lateritic saprolite’


  • Anand R, 2009, Personal communication.