Rainforest frogs study publications

By December 15th, 2010

The following publications detail the work involved in the development of CSIRO’s Rainforest frogs study – discovery of chytridiomycosis.

Key publications

Hyatt A, Boyle D, Olsen V, Berger L, Obendorf D, Dalton A, Kriger K, Hero M, Hines H, Phillott A, Campbell R, Marantelli G, Gleason F, Colling A, 2007, ‘Diagnostic assays and sampling protocols for the detection of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis‘, Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 73: 175-192.

Skerratt LF, Berger L, Speare R, Cashins S, McDonald KR, Phillott AD, Hines HB, Kenyon N, 2007, ‘Spread of chytridiomycosis has caused the rapid global decline and extinction of frogs’, EcoHealth, 4: 125-134.

Longcore JE, Pessier AP, Nichols DK, 1999, ‘Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis gen. et sp. nov., a chytrid pathogenic to amphibians’, Mycologia, 91: 219-227.

Berger L, Speare R, Daszak P, Green DE, Cunningham AA, Goggin CL, Slocombe R, Ragan MA, Hyatt AD, McDonald KR, Hines HB, Lips KR, Marantelli G, Parkes H, 1998, ‘Chytridiomycosis causes amphibian mortality associated with population declines in the rain forests of Australia and Central America’, Proc. Natal Acad. Sci., USA, 95: 9031-9036.

Laurance WF, McDonald KR, Speare R, 1996, ‘Catastrophic declines of Australian rain forest frogs: support for the epidemic disease hypothesis’, Conservation Biology, 10: 406-413.


Berger L, Speare R, Hyatt A, 1999, ‘Chytrid fungi and amphibian declines: Overview, implications and future directions’, In: Declines and Disappearances of Australian Frogs, Campbell A (ed), Environment Australia, Canberra, pp.23-33.

Other publications

Berger L, Longcore JE, Speare R, Hyatt AD, Skerratt LF, 2009, ‘Fungal Diseases in Amphibians ‘, In: _Amphibian Decline: Disease, Parasites, Maladies and Pollution, Heatwole H, Wilkinson J (eds), Surrey Beatty & Sons, Chipping Norton, Australia, 8: 2986-3052.

Skerratt LF, Berger L, Hines HB, McDonald KR, Mendez D, Speare R, 2008, ‘Survey protocol for detecting chytridiomycosis in all Australian frog populations’, Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 80: 85-94.

Garcia G, Cunningham AA, Horton DL, Garner TWJ, Hyatt A, Hengstberger S, Lopez J, Ogrodowczyk A, Fenton C, Fa JE, 2007, ‘Mountain chickens Leptodactylus fallax and sympatric amphibians appear to be disease free on Montserrat’, Oryx, 41: 398-401.

Voyles J, Berger L, Young S, Speare R, Webb R, Warner JM, Rudd D, Campbell R, Skerratt LF, 2007, ‘Electrolyte depletion and osmotic imbalance in amphibians with chytridiomycosis’, Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 77: 113-118.

Walker SF, Salas MB, Jenkins D, Garner TWJ, Cunningham AA, Hyatt AD, Bosch J, Fisher MC, 2007, ‘Environmental detection of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in a temperate climate’, Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 77: 105-112.

Young S, Berger L, Speare R, 2007, ‘Amphibian chytridiomycosis: strategies for captive management and conservation’, International Zoo Yearbook, 41: 1-11.

Berger L, Hyatt A, Speare R, Longcore JE, 2005, ‘Lifecycle stages of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis the amphibian chytrid’, Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 68: 51-63.

Berger L, Marantelli G, Skerratt LF, Speare R, 2005, ‘Virulence of the amphibian chytrid fungus, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, varies with the strain’, Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 68: 47-50.

Berger L, Speare R, Skerratt L, 2005, ‘Distribution of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and pathology in the skin of green tree frogs (Litoria caerulea) with severe chytridiomycosis’, Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 68: 65-70.

Cunningham AA, Garner TWJ, Aguilar-Sanchez V, Banks B, Foster J, Sainsbury AW, Perkins M, Walker SF, Hyatt AD, Fisher MC, 2005, ‘Emergence of amphibian chytridiomycosis in Britain’, Veterinary Record, 157: 386-387.

Garner TWJ, Walker S, Bosch J, Hyatt AD, Cunningham AA, Fisher MC, 2005, ‘Chytrid fungus in Europe’, Emerging Infectious Diseases, 11: 1639-1641.

Berger L, Speare R, Hines H, Marantelli G, Hyatt AD, McDonald KR, Skerratt LF, Olsen V, Clarke JM, Gillespie G, Mahony M, Sheppard N, Williams C, Tyler M, 2004, ‘Effect of season and temperature on mortality in amphibians due to chytridiomycosis’, Australian Veterinary Journal, 82: 31-36.

Boyle DG, Boyle DB, Olsen V, Morgan JAT, Hyatt AD, 2004, ‘Rapid quantitative detection of chytridiomycosis (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) in amphibian samples using real-time Taqman PCR assay’, Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 60: 133-139.

Marantelli G, Berger L, Speare R, Keegan L, 2004, ‘Changes in distribution of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and keratin during tadpole development leading to high mortality after metamorphosis’, Pacific Conservation Biology, 10: 173-179.

Olsen V, Hyatt AD, Boyle DG, Mendez D, 2004, ‘Co-localisation of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and keratin for enhanced diagnosis of chytridiomycosis in frogs’, Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 61: 85-88.

Pasmans F, Zwart P, Hyatt AD, 2004, ‘Chytridiomycosis in the Central American bolitoglossine salamander (Bolitoglossa dofleini)’, Veterinary Record, 154: 153.

Weldon C, du Preez LH, Hyatt AD, Muller R, Speare R, 2004, ‘Origin of the amphibian chytrid fungus’, Emerging Infectious Diseases, 10: 2100-2105.

Boyle DG, Hyatt AD, Daszak P, Berger L, Longcore JE, Porter D, Hengstberger SG, Olsen V, 2003, ‘Cryo-archiving of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and other chytridiomycetes’, Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 56: 59-64.

Daszak P, Cunningham AA, Hyatt AD, 2003, ‘Infectious disease and amphibian population declines’, Diversity and Distributions, 9: 141-150.

Morehouse EA, James TY, Ganley ARD, Vilgaly R, Berger L, Murphy PJ, Longcore JE, 2003, ‘Multilocus sequence typing suggests the chytrid pathogen of amphibians is a recently emerged clone’, Molecular Ecology, 12: 395-403.

Berger L, Hyatt A, Olsen V, Boyle D, Hengstberger S, Marantelli G, Humphreys K, Longcore JE, 2002, ‘Production of polyclonal antibodies to Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and their use in an immunoperoxidase test for chytridiomycosis in amphibians’, Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, *48: 213-220.

Mutschmann F, Berger L, Zwart P, Gaedicke C, 2000, ‘Chytridiomycosis in amphibians – first report in Europe’, Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift, 113: 380-383. [In German]

Berger L, Speare R, Kent A, 1999, ‘Diagnosis of chytridiomycosis of amphibians by histological examination’, Zoos Print Journal, 15: 184-190.

Daszak P, Berger L, Cunningham AA, Hyatt AD, Green DE, Speare R, 1999, ‘Emerging infectious diseases and amphibian population declines’, Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5: 735-748.