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A

AAV (Ageless Aerospace Vehicle) – can monitor itself and its environment, learn and adapt, and make and implement decisions
Absolute Salinity Standard – a new international thermodynamic description of seawater, cast in terms of a new salinity which gives an accurate measure of the heat content of seawater for inclusion in ocean models and climate projections; initiated by the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research – See Science adopts a new definition of seawater, 2009 (Media Release)
ACBM (Autonomous Conveying/Bolting Module) – for roofs in coal mines
AccuRate – software, improved version of NatHERS – See also Great games, great science, 2000 (Media Release)
Across the fenceline – web-linked technology which provides real-time information on drainage under different land management practices
ADSAT – software/tool for assessment of testing tools for object-oriented software
Advise – software/tool for traffic control
Aerogard – insect repellant
Agitator – software to analyse mixing impellor performance and mixing tank flow field
Air Cargo Scanner – instrument that detects quickly and precisely hidden explosives and illicit drugs in containers
AirSAR (Airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar) – software for mining industry – See Scientists see through sand, 1997 (Media Release)
Airtrak – air quality sensor which diagnoses causes of ozone build-up (made by Mineral Control Instrumentation Ltd) – See The Integrated Empirical Rate Model (CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research)
ALFA (Arecibo L-band Feed Array) – camera using radio waves instead of light to see further out into space – See CSIRO boosts the power of the world’s biggest telescope (Achievement)
Align 3D – software, for planning of rail & road routes (marketed by Quantm Ltd)
Alpha – software for X-ray fluorescence spectrometry
Alpha+ – design-generation software package for planting trials
AMBRI biosensor – instrument for the rapid detection of minute concentrations of substances in the blood (owned by Pacific Dunlop) – See Australian scientists create a nanomachine, 1997 (Media Release) and Information Intensive Industries (CSIRO Mathematics, Informatics and Statistics)
AM-cover – a colourless, odourless gas which will replace sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) in magnesium melting operations – See Slashing greenhouse emissions from magnesium production (Solution)
AM-SC1™ – lightweight magnesium alloy sold by Advanced Magnesium Technologies (AMT) – See Cast Metals – Light Years Ahead, 2004 (CSIRO SOLVE)
AMZ (Australian Milking Zebu) – a breed of tick-resistant, heat-tolerant dairy cattle produced by CSIRO; animals and semen have been exported and the breed is now being used in dairy cattle improvement programs
Annodex™ – an interactive plugin for browsing through webs of video
Antenna feed system for the AUSSAT-B (Optus B) satellite – helped revolutionise the satellite industry, worth about US$10 billion annually world-wide. CSIRO showed that computer-based methods could be used to halve the antenna part of this industry’s cycle-time (one of the slowest parts of the overall development cycle), from 4 years to about 2 years or less. Computer code analysing antennas on-board spacecraft – developed in a three-year contract (1995-97) with Boeing Space and Communications (formerly Hughes); this was the main tool used by Boeing for about three years for design of spacecraft antennas.
Antennas for radio telescopes and satellite communications
AP-design – software to monitor energy consumption
Aplcrates – software that calculates spare part allowances by assembling the necessary data
APSIM (Agricultural Production Systems sIMulator) – software, uses climate data together with soil nitrogen and water levels to calculate potential crop performances
Aqualab – submersible on-site logger instrument which gathers and transmits essential data on water quality
Aquifem-N – software, aquifer flow model – See Dryland Salinity Management: Can simple catchment-scale models provide reliable answers? An Australian case study
Arcana™ wool fibre – formerly known as OPTIM™ fibre processing
Argyle – linseed cultivar varietal
ARIS – software
ASFF (Australian Stocks and Flows Framework) – a modeling tool that can conduct scenario planning for resource management – used in Growing the Green Collar Economy – See SEED Working Paper 23: The Dematerialisation Potential of the Australian Economy (Publication – technical)
ASKAP (Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder) – instrument for the full Square Kilometre Array. The arrays will be part of a new ultra-high resolution visualisation system, CSIROvision, and will extend OptIPortal technology developed by the University of California.
ASPDS (Airport Pavement Structural Design System) – software commercialised by the spin-off company Mincad System P/L
Assembly Planning – software for the design of assembly line processing
AT2 – a microbe, Pseudomonas AT2 which eats pesticides cleaning up contaminated soil and water – See Aussie Toxin Muncher Discovered, 1999 (Media Release)
Atlantic – varietal, genetically modified potato plant for the snack food industry, especially potato crisps
Atlantis – a marine ecosystem model used to guide fishery management and regional marine planning – See Simulations of marine ecosystems dynamics
ATLAS – instrument for measuring wool staple length and strength
Atlas of Living Australia – an online encyclopaedia of Australian biodiversity providing information, maps and images of all species of Australian plants, animals and micro-organisms; a collaboration between the CSIRO, state and national museums, departments and universities
Atlas PG – winter active phalaris grass varietal
Atomic absorption spectrometer
ATSR (Along-Track Scanning Radiometer) – instrument which probes each location on the Earth’s surface twice as the satellite passes overhead
AUDIT (Appraisal of Urban Development, Infrastructure and Transport) – computer model for planning transport and water management
AusBeef – software – See New tool for feed decisions (Science for tomorrow)
AusCane – sugar land management system model
AusFarm – family of six software packages – MetAccess, LambAlive, GrazFeed, GrazPlan, FarmWi$e, and Grassgro – See also Farming: decision support for farms (Overview – Research)
AUSLCI (Australian Life Cycle Inventory) – database which allows users to assess and compare products across a number of industries and to choose those likely to give the best environmental impact performance; developed in conjunction with the Australian Life Cycle Assessment Society, EPA Vic, PACIA, Sustainability Vic, RMIT Centre for Design and FWPRDC
AusPig – software, pig farming decision support system – See Better decisions bring home the bacon, 2000 (Media Release)|http://www.csiro.au/files/mediarelease/mr2000/AUSPIG.htm]
AusPlague – software for management of contact-spread diseases in wildlife
Australian II – grazing-tolerant phalaris cultivar – See New pasture grass a boost for graziers, 2000 (Media Release)
Australian Blood (also known as Australian Red Centre) – Citrus australasica varietal; cross between native finger lime and Rangpur lime – See New CSIRO lime varieties (Achievement)
Australian Outback – Citrus glauca native lime variety; sometimes called Australian Desert lime – See New CSIRO lime varieties (Achievement)
Australian Sunrise – finger lime/calamondin hybrid varietal (cross between a cumquat and a mandarin) – See New CSIRO lime varieties (Achievement)
Australian Tropical Rain Forest Trees – software/book for rainforest plant identification – See Australian Tropical Herbarium (CSIRO Plant Industry)
Auswool – software, predicts wool clip’s processing performance
AusZEH – Australia’s first Zero Emission House showcases off-the-shelf building and renewable energy-generation technologies, and new future-ready energy management systems – See also Zero Emission House (Profile – Project)
Automated Horadiam – a specialised fully automated mining platform that will drill, survey and load explosives from a large diameter shaft drilled through the ore-body (developed in collaboration with WA School of Mines (Curtin) and Geographe Enterprises)
Autotrough – automatic solar-powered watering trough that cools drinking water for stock, marketed by Monopumps Australia (Pty Ltd)
Aztec – cultivar, rust-resistant strain of the pasture legume Siratro – See Pastures for the north

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B

Baclash – jetting compound for prevention of blowfly-strike in sheep
baNDIcoot™ rapid inspection system – a self-contained, hand-held instrument for non-destructive inspection (NDI) of defects in lightweight composite and sandwich structures; based on an acoustic ‘pitch-catch’ technique
Bandseeding – a sod-seeder machine
BARLEYmax™ – conventionally bred barley variety with the potential to provide a range of human health benefits. Licensed to Goodness Superfoods who manufacture Protein 1st and Digestive 1st as breakfast cereals, on shelves in September 2009. Heart 1st available from October 2009. They assist in promoting bowel and digestive health.
BASINMAN – software, simulates farm water tables and basin water depth
Basolan AS anti-setting agent – a specific chemical agent that prevents inadvertent permanent setting during wool dyeing
BC2C (Biophysical Capacity 2 Change) – a prioritisation tool for estimating the changes in catchment salt generation
BCAider – software, a decision support tool for interpreting Building Code of Australia
Bell-SIRO cheese-maker – a machine for the mechanisation of cheese manufacture
‘Belmont Red’ breed of cattle – developed by crossing Afrikaner cattle with Herefords and Shorthorns to suit the harsh environment of northern Australia – See Cattle for the tropics
Beneficiated Bentonites – customised clay blends product for long-term soil improvement and increased crop productivity; developed with Ipoh Pacific – See Technologies and products (CSIRO Land and Water)
BEST (Built Environment Stone Tile) – test methods
Beta Alistine – skin care creams designed to improve ageing or sun-damaged skin. In 2002 the CRCTGR transformed into TGR Biosciences which licenses technology to the Beta Peptide Foundation
BIOASSESS – toolbox that assesses the biodiversity values of revegetation in agricultural landscapes
Biodegradable marine degreaser – made from naturally-occurring marine oils; developed in 1991 by the CSIRO and Beku Environmental Products Ltd – See Innovative Australia – A record of achievement (Australia in Brief)
Biodegradable packaging – revolutionary packaging materials based on starch, that are fully biodegradable; the new materials could be used for: shopping bags; to pack vegetables; in place of polystyrene trays for baked goods; and other purposes such as mulch film for farming and gardening – See also Smart product packaging (Overview – Science)
BioFiba Biopallets – a synthetic timber made from corn starch, hemp fibre and natural binding agents – an environmentally friendly, cost-effective synthetic board designed to replace timber, plastic and polystyrene in the manufacture of export shipping pallets
BioLink – software, handles taxonomic information in databases, catalogues, maps and keys and combines them all; manages both taxon-based and specimen-based information
BioLives – software that applies bioinformatics in development of livestock production industries
Bio-Loo – humus toilet
BioMass – computer simulation model of tree-growth including water uptake
BioRap – software of biological diversity
BITEMJ – software for two dimensional stress analysis of excavation layouts
BKB and other sheep blowfly contact poisons – developed by Doug Waterhouse in 1939, consisted of a mixture of orthodichlorbenzene, kerosene, Lysol, boric acid and an inert clay carrier. After the war it was temporarily supplanted by DDT and other chlorinated hydrocarbons, until those were no longer permitted – See Sheep blowfly and other insect pests
BLIS (Building Lifecycle Interoperable Software) – inter-operability of shared data
BLUE 7 – water-based diffusible wood preservative prevents and controls rot and termites in sound and decayed timber; also imparts flame-retardant properties to treated wood; manufactured by Intergrain; distributed by TWA (Thompson White Australia)
BMILL – software, parameters for mindress
Bollgard II cotton cultivar – an insect-resistant genetically modified cotton that is reducing pesticide use by up to 80 per cent – See also Genetically modified cotton varieties
Booroola – merino breed with high lambing rates
Boosted-Output Lamp – atomic spectral discharge lamp designed to provide the best combination of high intensity and efficiency of light emission; developed in conjunction with SGE International
BotAnal – software that estimates pasture yield and composition
Bovigam™ – diagnostic kit for Tuberculosis in cattle – See Tuberculosis diagnosis in animals and humans
Bovilis™ MH vaccine – for the major bacterial disease of cattle, bovine respiratory disease
BRaDD (Bauxite Residue and Disposal Database) – a web-based data platform that enables users to identify current practices worldwide in bauxite residue processing and storage, and evaluate options for sustainable utilisation of residue
Brennan – wheat cultivar that is resistant to stem, stripe and leaf rust
Building structure performance-based design standards – employs a series of analytical and prediction models – See Engineered performance of timber
Bunya – soybean varietal suitable for making tofu; produces preferred gelling properties – See also Soybean research for a growing industry (CSIRO Plant Industry)
Bunyip – software for energy modeling of buildings
BurrliOZ – a statistical software package for use in environmental management of species with regard to understanding the effects of levels of toxins in an environment (free-of-charge) – See also BurrliOZ Software: information sheet (Publication – technical)

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C

CABALA (Carbon Balance) software – computer model which simulates the complex processes of tree growth and helps managers make better plantation decisions using daily climate information; developed with CRC for Sustainable Production Forestry; licensed to CO2 Australia
CABLE – the Australian community land surface model
CACTUS (Computerised Alignment for Captioned Television Using Speech) – a suite of software which semi-automates the creation of captions and subtitles for TV, movies and videos
CANESCAN 1500 – the most effective method available for on-line determination of soil in cane supply; soil in sugarcane causes wear in mills and problems in processing
Captec Chrome – faecal marker product for animals; manufactured by Captec Pty Ltd
Carbon nanotube yarns and sheets – sub-microscopic hollow fibres of pure carbon, a promising new material with applications in textiles, flexible electronics, photovoltaics and biomedical devices
Carina – wine grape varietal
CASTcoat™ – new long-life die coat product that fuses bonded melted ceramic particles
CastFlow – software package for runner design
CasTherm – software for thermal design of dies
Catchment Detox – an online game that teaches users about the importance of maintaining and enhancing the health of river catchments
CCAM (Conformational-Cubic Atmosphere Model) – for generating high-resolution weather forecasts
CDManNet – simulation tool, assists cell-phone network operators, telecommunications companies, research organisations and educational institutions with modeling, mapping, and simulation capabilities; developed in collaboration with Telstra Research Laboratories
CELDEK – evaporative coolers
CellPix – technology that rapidly screens pharmaceutical drugs; joint collaboration with Axon Instruments Inc
CellSim – new-generation tool to simulate GSM and CDMA mobile cellular networks offering fast solutions to complex network reconfigurations; developed with Telstra Research Labs
CENW – generic forest growth model based on link flows of carbon, energy, nutrients and water in trees and soil
CEP (CSIRO EvolutionProbe) – the second generation instrument that provides information about electrochemical reactions and surface changes on coated metal products affected by the thin films of moisture typically deposited as dew or rain
CERBERUS – airborne prospecting instrument – See Watchdog will spot underground riches, 1997 (Media release)
Ceres-Maize – software, computerised model of growth and development of maize – See Performance and application of CERES and SWAGMAN Destiny models for rice-wheat cropping systems in Asia and Australia: a review, 2003 (CSIRO Land and Water)
Cervigam™ – diagnostic test for TB in deer – See Tuberculosis diagnosis in animals and humans
CHASM (Cone Handling Algorithms for Stockpile Modeling) software – See Optimising port terminal operations (Capability)
CHEMIX – an integrated multi-zone thermal and natural ventilation program for calculating hourly flow rates and air temperatures in complex buildings as a function of building construction, weather data and location and size of openings
ChemTax software – matrix factorisation program to interpret HPLC phytoplankton pigment data
CHENATH – simulation engine, for NatHERS software
Chicken interferon gamma – a new generation therapeutic for the poultry industry
CHIMAGE – data visualisation software package for chemical imaging via electron microscopes and microanalysis – See More access to million dollar microscopes, 2000 (Media Release)
Chlorine-Hercosett – product for the shrink-proofing of wool fibres
Cibafast W – protective agent against the effects of UV irradiation, mostly used for upholstery
Cienna – wine grape variety
Circar4 – software; models arrays of circular and coaxial waveguides or horns with a finite number of elements; includes mutual effects of coupling; program to analyse arrays of different sized elements
Circly – software for road construction
CitiIlan – software, an urban land use/transport/environment interaction, modeling tool, can replicate existing cities
Cleansote – water in oil emulsion; licensed to Koppers Australia; also known as PEC (Pigment Emulsified Creosote)
Clever Clover – kit that uses clover and lucerne mulch crop to reduce amount of digging and soil degradation; available from Diggers Seed Club
Climate Change Vulnerability Index – software recognising that Australia’s eastern and southeast coastlines are the most vulnerable to warming sea surface temperatures
ClimateCam® a web-based greenhouse gas measurement tool; tells Newcastle residents how much greenhouse gas the city is emitting monthly – See also World award for greenhouse project, 2002 (Media Release)
Climex – software, predictions of climate of plant/animal distribution
CLIP Program (Complete Lifestyle Program) – a 6-week program to show how diet and exercise change can reduce cholesterol levels and now a book from Dr Manny Noakes and Dr Peter Clifton entitled The CSIRO Healthy Heart Program
CMML (Continuous Media Markup Language) – the groundbreaking technology behind Annodex™; it does for time-continuous media what HTML does for text; it allows the user to search, access, navigate and query – See At last: video search that works, 2005 (Media Release)
CMS (Corrosion Mapping System) – online corrosion mapping tool offers industry more accurate prediction of steel and galvanised products; distributed by Industrial Galvanizers Corporation (IGC)
CMWeb (Continuous Media Web) – a tool that activates links while viewing audio and video files
CO2Well – a model which predicts carbon dioxide flow in injection wells for the subsurface storage of carbon dioxide
Coal Face Ash Analyser – an instrument that differentiates between coal and look-alike sediments and estimates ash content of coal faces and stockpiles
Coalscan coke moisture monitor
Coalscan dual energy gamma-ray transmission (DET) ash gauge
Coalscan on-line carbon-in-fly-ash monitor for coal-fired power stations
Coalscan pair production (PP) ash gauge
CoalTrol – software, processing size/assay data; closed loop ash control
Cobalt bullets for curing coast disease and phalaris staggers – See Cobalt deficiency and the cure for coast disease
Coeliac Screening Kit – enzyme immunoassay kit (product code CSK-1) to screen for and monitor coeliac disease; distributed by Vital Diagnostics for Psiron Ltd (formerly Medical Innovations)
Cognizant Control Room – software part of Project Wedgetail, Australia’s airborne early warning and control program developed by CSIRO and Boeing and licensed by CSIRO to Australian company Semantic Sciences
Colana® – trans-seasonal yarn of superior handling and performance; developed by Rocklea – See Fibre science scores new sports fashion hit, 1999 (Media Release)
Colonoscopy Simulator [external link] – a device that enables trainee surgeons to interact with accurate computer-based simulations of the human colon using a modified clinical colonoscope and realistic haptic (force) feedback
Colony stimulating factors for cancer chemotherapy patients – See Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor discovery
Computer code supplied for modelling horn arrays – developed for Ford Aerospace, Palo Alto, USA – See AUSSAT-B and other antenna research
Contraband Scanner – a world-first; a neutron scanner that accurately and rapidly detects illicit drugs and explosives; to be used by Australian Customs Service
Controlled Atmosphere Cone Calorimeter – a unique small-scale fire test apparatus which is able to operate within a controlled atmosphere, meeting standard operating requirements, being used in pyrolysis studies assisting in the determination of fundamental material flammability properties
Controlled Temperature-Gradient Lamp – instrument, for atomic absorption and atomic fluorescence spectrometers; developed in conjunction with SGE International
Cool lightweight wool fabrics – the OPTIM™ process when applied to super fine wool gives fibres with increased surface lustre and allows fine yarns to be spun and woven into lightweight, silk-like worsted fabrics, suitable for shirts and women’s wear – See OPTIM™ fibre processing
CopyShield – anti-counterfeiting optically variable device (OVD)
CoreProfiler – Beta version software tool which profiles drill cores and chips
CosFlow – software, solves coupled 3D multiphase flow and mechanical stress deformation problems
COSMIC® – a carbonyl sulfide grain fumigant to act as a replacement for methyl bromide
CottASSIST – new and easier tools for cotton production; computer extension tools to help support the adoption of best-practice in cotton crop management; developed in conjunction with Cotton Catchment Communities CRC
Cotton Logic – software, integrates EntomoLogic and NutriLogic packages; incorporates a range of information on crop and soil nutrition and can interpret soil and tissue nitrate tests
Cottonscan – an instrument that precisely measures the ‘fineness’ of ginned cotton fibres by weighing and counting a sample of short fragments of fibre and then calculating the average fibre weight-per-unit-length, or ‘fineness’, using modern optics and high-speed computer-based image analysis techniques
Cottonscope – an instrument that automatically measures cotton maturity, directly and accurately, in around 25 seconds. In the field it is used to measure when a crop is mature enough for harvest, allowing for predictions of the ‘textile consequences’ of immature fibre on neps and dye uptake in fabric. In the spinning mill it enables more accurate prediction of nep creation, dye uptake and overall quality control when cotton bales are laid down for processing at the mill. A further benefit is the instrument’s ability to monitor the maturity and fineness of various cotton breeds to assist in the selection of better cotton varieties for the production of high quality fabric. Developed as Siromat technology and commercialised as Cottonscope by BSC Electronics Pty Ltd as a new startup company Cottonscope Pty Ltd
Counter Current Extraction equipment – for extracting juices from food materials by the counter-current extraction process; manufactured and sold by Bioquip Australia Pty Ltd – See Counter Current Extraction [PDF 520 KB]
Crest – software for crop growth modeling
CropMan – software, interface for a simulated database of crop performance under different soil types, weather and management to estimate potential crop yields using historical weather records; developed in collaboration with WA Dept. of Agriculture and the Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC)
Crusader Rabbits – meat rabbit breeding program identifies best breeds
Cryotrap – device to measure tiny amounts of the fumigant phosphine; used in grain handling
CSIDA/CSIDAT – satellite for remote sensing through data analysis of earth, atmosphere and ocean surface radiation data
CSIRAC – Australia’s first computer
CSIRO9 GCM (General Circulation Model) [external link]
CSIRO Anode Coating – simple spray-on ceramic coating that reduces ‘air burn’ of carbon anodes used in aluminium smelters
CSIRO Conditioning Oven – equipment, drying of regain scoured wool
CsiroFire – software, predicts where a fire will spread and its level of intensity
CSIROID – software, timber identification using wood structure and anatomy
CSIRO King Probe – liquid water probe instrument; manufactured by PMS (Boulder, Co.)
CSIROMILL – software package that calculates timber recovery and models financial returns
CSIRO-ORSER – software for analysis of multi-spectral data
CSIROpod – technology enabling automatic receipt of audio and video files
CSIRO Regain Tester – air heater-mixer for rapid drying
CSIRO Trace – trace-element electron microprobe analysis strategy and software
CsirusBLAST – software, customised version of BeoBLAST; a collection of web pages and software packages (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool)
CTM (Chemical Transport Model) – See The air chemistry model (CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research)
CUTS (Ceramic Update Tiling Services) – awareness service
Cyberoos – software, team of virtual software agents who play games (soccer) for RoboCup
CycDesign – software, generates optimal or near-optimal designs for wide range of experimental situations – See ER Williams, AC Matheson, CE Harwood, 2002, Experimental design and analysis for tree improvement
Cycloprothrin – the first designer insecticide

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D

4DGM – geodynamic model of Australia
Dam Ea$Y – tool that assists cane growers to optimise on-farm water storage facilities for supplementary irrigation
DarfreshRvacuum – packaging that allows for consumer portions of meat to be centrally packaged and shipped to domestic or export markets
DARLAM (Division of Atmospheric Research Limited Area Model) – model that studies the emission and transport of trace gases in the atmosphere – See Specialised weather forecasting service (Service)
DataChain – pre-processing software package
DataPlus – software that pre-processes experimental data and then acts as a front end to Genstat
Deep Drainage Meter – instrument used for measuring the soil water potential in the range 0 to ‑100 cm of soil; developed in conjunction with the Grains Research & Development Corporation – See Developing technologies and products (CSIRO Land and Water)
DELTA – software; records and processes taxonomic descriptions
DELTA-T Scan – name changed from SCI SCAN; Licensed to Delta-T Devices
DEMON – leaf measuring index instrument
DenimWool – denim and wool mix fabric (Tencel wool)
Dennis – variety of wheat cultivars resistant to stem, stripe and leaf rusts – See Wheat breeding in Australia’s high-rainfall zone
DEPDMT (Discrete Event Process Design and Modeling Toolkit) – software
Desert Rose – experimental resins for solar car provided by CSIRO
DesignCheck™ – software, automated code checking system that enables quick and easy compliance assessment against building codes
Diagnostic test for Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia
Diagnostic test for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) – same-day competitive enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using recombinant antibodies; can differentiate vaccinated from infected animals
Die Casting Defects Chart – ADCA/CSIRO chart available for purchase from ADCA
Dietary Analysis Package – dietary analysis software
Diffraction gratings – for use as dispersing elements in spectroscopic instruments; required for the manufacture of complete atomic absorption instruments by Techtron Pty Ltd; the masters were ruled on CSIRO engines constructed in the 1950s and 1960s and the replicas produced by a process developed by DA Davies. In the 1970s, methods for the production of diffraction gratings by holography were developed with the master gratings being produced at CSIRO and replicated for commercial use by Varian Techtron Pty Ltd – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
Digital Elevation Model – model that will give the Bureau of Meteorology a reliable definition of stream networks and catchment boundaries needed to calculate water movement through the landscape; provides fine scale terrain detail
Disc PermeaMeter – instrument that accurately measures movement of water through a uniform and permeable surface
DISEASEpak – part of a comprehensive information manual on cotton nutrition and advice on fertiliser management – See FIBREpak introduction (Cotton Catchment Communities)
Dissolved Oxygen Sensors – provide accurate long-term measurements under a wide range of wastewater and environmental conditions; marketed by Greenspan Technology
Diversity – software, samples phylogenetic and environmental diversity – See BioRap
DME (Distance Measuring Equipment) – is a transponder-based radio navigation technology used in every airliner in the world; developed by Brian Cooper in the mid 1940s, it measures distance by timing the propagation delay of VHF or UHF radio signals – See Radar
DMT (Desktop Modeling Toolkit)
DMT CastFlow – die casting, runner and gating design software
DMT CasTherm – 3D die casting design software
Double Impact Battery – new design of valve-regulated lead-acid battery specifically for use in hybrid electric vehicles – See Low emission vehicles
Drainage Meter – remotely monitors deep drainage and relays the data direct to farmers
DrenchPlan – integrated worm parasite management program
DrenchRite – test for drench resistance – See Warfare on resistant worms, 1996 (Media Release)
DroughtPlan – grazier-based strategies for managing climatic variability (drought)
Drysdale – a water-efficient wheat variety bred for dry conditions
DST (Dynamic Stiffener Tester) – instrument that measures the stiffness of corrugated boxes and can be used to monitor and minimise damage that may occur during the manufacturing process
Duet – the Kvaerner Multiphase Meter for measuring individual flow rates of oil, water and gas – See Australian Flowmeter for North Sea Oil, 1999 (Media Release)
Dymex – software for a powerful user-friendly modeling program
Dysphagia Sensor – fibre-optic sensors (catheter) which detects differences in pressure along patient’s oesophagus when swallowing

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E

EatSmart – nutrition guide leaflets
ECCI (Eucalypt Canopy Condition Index) – forest health indicator
Echidna™ – a prototype forest biomass measurement device using the lidar based system – See also Towards more efficient forest assessment, 2005 (Media Release)
Eco-Car – hybrid-electric car for 21st century – See Low emission vehicles
Ecotech Microvol 1000 Particulate Sampler – portable sampler instrument for indoor and outdoor fine particles; licensed to Ecotech P/L – See Aussie instruments in battle to clean up the air, 2000 (Media Release)
Ecotech Model 200 – portable rainwater sampler – See Aussie instruments in battle to clean up the air, 2000 (Media Release)
EDN – ethanedinitrile, an environmentally safe fumigant for treating soil, insect pests, weeds and diseases; commercialised by BOC Group – See New fumigant to replace gas that damages ozone layer, 2004 (Media Release)
Elast-Eon™ biocompatible polyurethane – for use in a variety of medical implants; commercialised by Elastomedic (name changed to AorTech Biomaterials in 2008)
Electrolyser – a device that extracts enough hydrogen per day from water to power a family car for up to 150 kilometres – See Hydrogen transportation: stepping on the gas (Solution)
Electron micro-diffraction camera – designed and constructed in the 1940s – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
Electron multiplier – new type with easily replaceable electron-emitting surfaces thus avoiding the need to dispose of the entire instrument when the efficiency of these surfaces had deteriorated through use; developed by DL Swigler at Chemical Physics; licensed in 1981 to Sydney firm ETP Pty Ltd – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
Electrostatic Wool Filters – Wool has a natural advantage as an electrostatic filter for very fine particles. This property was used to develop a new wool-based non-woven filter; commercialised by Michel Pty Ltd and on sale in Bunnings hardware outlets.
Energel – sealed silica gel electrolyte lead acid Battery; 2 models distributed by Battery Energy South Pacific
Energy Express – a modeling program that evaluates energy efficiency of a commercial building; distributed by Hearne Scientific Software
EntomoLogic – software, cost system to allow users to enter data on dollars spent on each field operations or chemical operation
EUCLID – software, comprehensive guide to the identification of eucalypts
Evapotron – instrument that automatically measures evaporation and sensible heat flux over natural surfaces
eWeather forecasts for energy industry – a website that predicts temperature, rainfall, humidity and wind direction; published by EWN Publishing
Expert Search – a search engine, built on the Panoptic search engine that works as a directory of experts
Extender 100 – anthelmintic product for control of internal sheep parasites; manufactured by Captec Ltd and marketed jointly by Smith Kline Beecham Animal Health and Nufarm Animal Health
Extender Junior – anthelmintic product for control of internal sheep parasites; manufactured by Captec Ltd and marketed jointly by Smith Kline Beecham Animal Health and Nufarm Animal Health
Eyre – a linseed cultivar

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F

FAD (Filtered Arc Deposition) – commercial surface coating that combines uncompromising hardness with super smoothness – See Superhard coatings technology (Fact Sheet)
Fads3000 – super smooth and hard surface coatings
FANN (Forest Artificial Neural Network) – model
Fantastic plastic – new plastic membrane that mimics pores found in plants and has applications in water, energy and climate change mitigation – See also Fantastic plastic to help water and gas industries, 2007 (Video)
Far-infrared spectrometer – the instrument employed a zone plate as the dispersing element – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
FarmLab – test kit for tissue nitrate and phosphate in the field; agent is Incitec-Pivot
FarmWi$e – software, flexible decision support tool for grazing systems management in the broadacre farming systems of southern Australia
Fastflo – fluid flow software
Fast Plants teaching resources – completes the entire life cycle in only 36 days
FastTalk – software, high level language specially developed for FastFlo
Fecundin – the world’s first fecundity enhancing vaccine for sheep
FedSat the first Australian-built satellite in more than 30 years – developed by CSIRO and the CRC for Satellite Systems and launched successfully in December 2002. On board was a ‘world-first’ in microsatellite payload, a Ka-band transponder. Its purpose was to demonstrate future high-speed communications via satellite for rural and remote communications in Australia – See AUSSAT-B and other antenna research
Feedhorns and antennas for radiotelescopes – See Antennas for radio telescopes and satellite communications
Fe-HyLogger – tool for rapid spectroscopic determination of mineralogy from diamond cores, drill chips and blast cone chips – See CSIRO and Rio Tinto take a closer look at iron ore, 2007 (Media Release)
FiberMax – cotton breeding varieties are sold under this brand in the US
FIBREpak – a guide designed to improve quality of cotton fibre – See also FIBREpak (Publication – General)
Fido – software, collates all known information about dogs and their owners in a hand held (Palm Pilot) computer; used with lost animals – See Australia Advances – Series Fifteen: Where’s Fido?
FIED (Flexible Integrated Energy Device) – a vibration harvesting device to be incorporated into clothing; consists of advanced, conducive fabrics act as part of the battery and a rectifier/power management system to power electronic equipment
FillSure – software, checks weight or volume of pre-packaged goods
Finale – a hi-tech coin to commemorate Australia’s Centenary of Federation; features a hologram-like optically variable device (OVD); developed in collaboration with Royal Australian Mint – See ‘Groovy’ coin reflects Centenary of Federation, 2001 (Media Release)
FinCash – software, cash flow forecasting for construction
FinFeas – software, financial feasibility study for building projects
FinMain – maintenance forecasting model for estimating future financial requirements of physical assets or facilities
FinPlan – software, financial control of multi-project planning
FireData – software/directory of products which comply with fire safety requirements
Fire Fact of the Month – electronic journal, published by Bushfire Group up to 14 March 2003 – See The months of a fire season (Fact Sheet)
FireNet – software for fire management
FireSure – software, assistance with design of fire safety systems and products
FireWind – software, smoke control, ventilation, fire modeling, sprinklers testing (upgraded version of FireCalc)
FIRST (Framework for the Integration of Remote Support Technologies) – software, links existing programs, functions or web sites to the web system
Fish Products – food products that convert under-utilised fish species into valuable ready to heat and serve meals; commercialised by Mantzaris Fisheries – See Fishy solutions to a busy life, 2002 (Media Release)
FLAMED – a simulation tool that simulates gas migration in coal seams; couples flow with geomechanical behaviour and can improve the prediction of potential paths for gas migration in coal seams – See Improving production of coal seam gas (Capability)
Flames – a fire and landscape tree model for tropical savannas
Flecks – low cost, low power sensor devices suitable for deployment in large numbers in wireless sensor networks, typically include an 8-bit microprocessor, a radio transceiver and multiple sensors; licensed to Australian company. In comparison to other systems, Flecks are extremely robust in a variety of harsh environments, as well as being easy to produce, cost effective and easily modified to measure almost any variable – See Landmark achievement for CSIRO wireless sensor network, 2006 (Media Release) and CSIRO Tasmanian ICT Centre (CSIRO video transcript)
Fleecescan™ – transportable instrument for on farm wool fibre measurement
Floc Density Analyser – measures flocculation performance; measures the size, shape, density and settling rate of individual aggregates – See Thickener technology for mineral processing
FloraBank – a project to improve quality and availability of native seed and enhance networks between seed users and seedbanks; administered by Greening Australia in partnership with CSIRO’s Australian Tree Seed Centre and the ANBG, funded by Bushcare – See Native plants and forestry (Overview – Research)
FlowThru – software, calculates ground water flow
Fluid Solver – captures the maths described in pouring a pint of beer and the physics of bubble creation in carbonated drinks – See also Examples of realistic fluid special effects in three-dimensions (Video)
Fluxatron – instrument for measurement of eddy fluxes in the lower atmosphere
Focal – image processing software for a small PDP-8
Focals – foundation engineering software
FOCON (Fibre Optical Confocal Microscope) – instrument
Focus Night and Day™ – contact lenses that can be worn night and day for a month; licensed to Ciba Vision – See also Extended wear contact lenses
FOO (Feed-on-Offer) – management tool measures pastures from space – See Pastures from Space™ (Solution)
Food Safety Toolkit – step-by-step instruction manuals to help businesses develop their own Food Safety Strategy; includes GMP and HACCP programs – See Food safety information sources (Overview)
FRACOD – fracture mechanics modeling code
FRANK (Film Researcher’s Archival Navigation Kit) – software enabling film and television researchers to make on-line searches of video archives – See Towards an Approach for Novel Design (CSIRO ICT)
Fraser – soybean variety, designed for Fraser Coast and Burnett, Qld to stand up straighter to avoid problems caused by moist ground – See Soybean research for a growing industry (CSIRO Plant Industry)
FullCAM – carbon accounting model to assess net carbon uptake by forests and agricultural systems by linking 4 sub-models: CAMFor, 3-PG, GENDEC and RothC – See Tools for modelling commercial environmental forestry (Solution)
FullStop™ wetting front detector – device for controlling irrigation, buried in the root zone; licensed to Agriplas – See also Developing technologies and products (CSIRO Land and Water)
FungiBank – details the importance of many different types of fungi in today’s farming and forestry environments

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Garden Watering Sentinel – instrument that measures wetness of soil
GDA (Gemmological Digital Analyser) – world’s first automated device to grade opals using image analysis in development with Opal Producers Australia Limited (O.P.A.L)
GeneRave – software; a data analysis problem solver that rapidly sifts through very large numbers of expression measurements to identify the genes that form the best predictive set; licensed to CSIRO Bioinformatics
Genesis – a new generation drilling engineering analysis, simulation and planning tool; commercialised by Noble Engineering and Development Ltd
GeneStar Marbling – marbling DNA tests/selection tool to predict meat marbling capacity in cattle
GeneStar Tenderness – DNA test which identifies cattle carrying a tenderness gene; developed by Cattle and Beef Quality CRC and Meat & Livestock Australia; licensed to Genetic Solutions – See also Tender beef gene test a world-first, 2002 (Media Release)
Gennex® fuel cell module – the ‘heart’ of BlueGenTM, is a complete set of fuel cell components designed to work together for maximum efficiency and reliability. At 1.5 kW output, Gennex delivers 60 per cent electrical efficiency. Gennex uses internal steam reforming, and is designed for simple mounting and minimal heat loss. See Ceramic Fuel Cells
Genome Health Analysis Test – to equip people with the tools needed to ensure their longest possible lifespan and significantly increase their potential to reach their 100th birthday; licensed to Reach100
Gensect – software, integrated impacts of climate change on Queensland fruit fly and woodland dieback
GeoPIXE™ – geological application of X-ray emission quantitative microanalysis software
GeoPIXE II – software for quantitative, non-destructive PIXE analysis and imaging – See also New Features of GeoPIXE II
GETMAG™ – a SQUID magnetic tensor gradiometer for mineral and oil exploration; detects iron ores, kimberlite pipes (diamonds), and other magnetic materials from the air – See also Superconducting devices and systems (Capability)
GFDI (Grassland Fire Danger Index) – model that gauges the potential seasonal fire danger in different pasture types – See Fire danger (Fact Sheet)
GI and RS Analyzer – bench top robotic machine (laboratory tool) that acts as an artificial gut and accurately predicts glycaemic index (GI) and resistant starch (RS) in food products – See CSIRO deal to commercialise ‘artificial gut’, 2009 (Media Release)
GI and RS predictor – automated instrument for accurately predicting glycaemic index (GI) and resistant starch (RS) in food products; licensed to Stadvis Pty Ltd
Gibbsite Precipitator – software, a simulator of a crystalliser that is targeted to capture a dynamic behaviour of gibbsite precipitation process in the production of alumina – See New tool leads to efficiency improvements (Solution)
GIMMS (Geophysically Integrated Mineral Mapping Spectrometers) – instrument
Ginsert – a V-shaped metal insert that improves the positioning and discharge of fuzzy seed from the ginning point on the rib of the cotton gin. Developed in 2010, the insert reduces the contact time that seed-cotton has with the gin rib and significantly reduces seed damage that occurs at this point; it also improves the removal of fibre from the seed thus increasing the amount of lint extracted from the seed, and improving the capacity of the gin stand. International patents taken and about to be commercialised.
GLayers (Grids and Layers) – software research tool; transmittance/absorption dielectric stacks
GL Nozzle (Gas Liquid Nozzle) – instrument that reduces the amount of oxygen wasted during gold processing – See also A new jet aeration nozzle (Video)
Global Concurrent Engineering Platform – software, desktop-based computer environment with potential to halve the time to market new products by enabling worldwide workgroups to work together as if they were based at same location
GlobalHubs – diagnostic tools to monitor gas levels/greenhouse emissions in the atmosphere
Golden Promise – genetically engineered barley plant variety
GOPT design package for progressive spectacle lenses – improved software developed in the late 1990s for people suffering from the common complaint of presbyopia; allows the direct specification of the eyepath characteristics by a lens designer; now the chief design tool used for progressive lens design by SOLA international – See Spectacle lens design and Mathematical modelling for optical lens design (Achievement)
Gordon – rust resistant winter wheat variety – See Wheat breeding in Australia’s high-rainfall zone
Goyura – wine grape variety
GPW wheel (Golf Buggy Powered Wheel) – an in-wheel directional motor and controller; in development by UTS & GPW Technology P/L
GrainGene Variety ID System – a test that accurately identifies wheat and barley varieties using a panel of DNA markers; licensed to Agrifood Technology
GranitGard – termite barrier product
GrassGro 3 – software, predicts feed growth levels in a paddock; licensed to Horizon Agriculture – See also GrassGro™: matching management goals with land capability (Publication – General)
Grassland Fire Danger Meter – used by rural fire authorities across Australia to generate fire danger ratings for grassland areas
GrazClock – device that depicts the consequences of changing the joining date of a flock
GrazFeed – software, improving livestock production/feeding standards for livestock; sold by Horizon Agriculture Pty Ltd
GrazPlan® – software, a series of decision support tool computer models to help farmers manage grazing operations; sold by Horizon Agriculture Pty Ltd
GreenCalc – software, calculator for estimating greenhouse gas emissions for the Australian sugar industry
Green Guard™ – Metarhizium-based fungus product; manufactured, marketed and distributed by Becker Underwood – See also Green Guard goes global, 2001 (Media Release)
Greenleaf Farmlab – test kit for simple checks on nutrient shortages in growing crops and pastures; developed with Australian Fertilisers Ltd
The Green Machine Science Education Centre – plant-based education program in the Australian Capital Territory
Green Mud – a low-cost environmental formulation product created by CSIRO and Haliburton Energy Services’ Baroid Drilling Fluids; marketed as BarOmega™ (Osmotic Membrane Efficiency Generating Aqueous) drilling fluid system – See also Green mud cure to $2 billion loss, 2001 (Media Release)
GrowTube – product, root training tubes which help trees become established through their first difficult year; commercialised by Growtrees (Kiona Machinery Pty Ltd)
Gypsy – software, designed to help Australian sugarcane growers make decisions on what rates of gypsum to apply to sodic soils

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Hallmark – lucerne cultivar
Haptic – software for handling complex 3D data, places 3D stereo graphics, audio and haptic force-feedback, displays of data in user’s immediate working space
HCA-Vision – software for cytomics – an automated image analysis software package that rapidly and reproducibly measures functional features of neuronal cells in 2D images
HDC (Horizontal Direct Chill) casting machine – See Developing innovative casting technologies (Capability)
HDI (Health Data Integration) – software to improve the security of private health-care data with new software that interrogates patient health records
Headloop PCR – a novel method for the detection of DNA methylation for the molecular diagnosis of cancer
HeNGas – Helium gas analytical system measures noble gas concentrations in water
HIC (Harrison Image Compression) – software based on CLICK technology, compresses colour image files to about 1/300th of their original size for storage so they take up less disk space, can be stored in great numbers and retrieved quickly
HI Cells (Hollow Inclusion Stress Cell) – instrument, for triaxial stress measurement in rock; distributed by Mindata Ltd
High Temeperature Smoke Meter – instrument that measures the optical density of smoke, predicts when people would have trouble finding escape routes within a burning building; manufactured by DBCE
Hi-Maize – resistant starch product which acts as a probiotic; in conjunction with Goodman Fielder Ingredients and the CRC for Food Industry Innovation – See Starch research leads to healthier foods, 1997 (Media Release)
Holdfast – seed retaining cultivar of phalaris, an introduced temperate perennial grass for sheep and beef production; has lower alkaloid levels to avoid the risk of phalaris staggers – See Choosing phalaris (CSIRO plant Industry) and New light shed on phalaris toxicity, June 2006 (Farming Ahead)
HoseLink – a complete garden watering kit, marketed by Yates – See Cure for the drips, 1999 (Media Release)
HOSPIM – software, hospital planning
Hospitals Without Walls – technology for home monitoring of elderly patients
HotCross – software, predicting cattle breeding performance – See Cattle data base set for predictions, 1996 (Media Release)
HOTOIL – software, distributed searching tool for information repositories including Internet; reduces information overload by providing single interface which simultaneously searches heterogeneous databases
House Water Expert software – simple game to tell home owners how they use water and how much they can change that usage
HP ALTA (High-Pressure Automatic Lag Time Apparatus) – instrument to record time and temperature of hydrates and factor risk into a pipeline’s formation – See Gas hydrates (Overview – Research)
HSM (House Survival Meter) – an instrument that provides a guide to the probability of a house surviving a bushfire based on six significant factors; designed by AAG Wilson in 1987; commercialised by Styrox (Aust) Pty Ltd
HVFTS (High Volume Fleece Testing System) – equipment
HybTik – software, tick hybrid sterility effects
HyChips™ – voluminous spectral mineralogy of drill chips for explorers and miners
Hydra – software for planning water quality management in Hawkesbury-Nepean region of New South Wales
Hydraulic fracturing in mining instrumentation and equipment – the fracturing equipment system was designed, built, and delivered by CSIRO. Improvements over time included a new straddle packer system, a downhole packer inflation valve and an integrated instrumented pumping system.
Hydrogen Fluoride Monitor – advanced laser-based instrument provides a continuous and accurate measurement of trace concentrations of hydrogen fluoride gas in smelter pot rooms; was licensed to Dynamic Light (now known as SBL Technologies P/L)
HydroLOGIC – software, manages irrigation water by optimising water use and yield – See FIBREpak introduction (Cotton Catchment Communities)
HyMap – aircraft-mounted hyperspectral imaging instrument that detects and identifies minerals from the unique wavelengths of light; developed by previous CSIRO Materials Science team (now Optical Engineering Associates) in collaboration with Integrated Spectronics Ltd – See Spectral sensing technologies (Overview – Research)
Hyperspectral remote sensing instruments – capable of mapping the minerals on the Earth’s surface in the field, from the air (and eventually from space) in much more detail. Instruments included the PIMA field spectrometer, the unique airborne CO2 laser spectrometer (MIRACO2LAS), the SWIPS Fourier transform spectrometer and the TIPS Fourier transform spectrometer. This was the beginning of an increased focus that continues to the present day, on remote sensing systems designed specifically for the needs of the geosciences – See Remote sensing
HySSIL™ – a revolutionary aerated cement-based product; developed in conjunction with CMR Energy technologies (CMRET); licensed to HysSSIL Pty Ltd

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IBISS (Interactive Bovine in Silico SNP) – database of SNPs and model bovine mRNAs – See Shortcut advancing Bovine research, 2003 (Media Release)
IC Method (Ion Chromatography method) – for quantitative determination of inorganic and organic anions in bayer liquors with direct injection – See New way to identify contaminants (Solution)
ICVM (International Coal Value Model) – thermal coal database for coal blends
Igri – winter barley variety
ILIS (Integrated Land Information System) – microcomputer-based software for local government
ImageXpress™ – software to discover drug compounds to treat neurological disorders; developed in conjunction with Axon Instruments – See also High Content Cell Imaging (CSIRO Mathematics, Informatics and Statistics)
IMAX – solar magnetometer for the Sunrise Imaging Magnetometer Experiment
Inform – annual bowel check test, in collaboration with Enterix [external link]
Ingard® cotton – a genetically modified insect resistant cotton variety
Injury prevention medical textiles – Novel wool textiles for the prevention of skin tears and impact injuries (especially in the aged population – See also ‘Smart Textile’ helps care for all, 2006 (Media Release)
Insegar – a natural pesticide (fenoxycarb) which combats codling moth; developed by Ciba-Geigy
Intelligent Knee sleeve – a flexible biofeedback device for performance enhancement in sport or rehabilitation; beeps at athletes teaching them to land safely; CSIRO developed the fabric of the sleeve
Intelligent Tensiometer – instrument for the rapid and reliable measurement of suction (matric potential) in laboratory or field situations; manufactured by Campbell Scientific Australia
Interceptor Microwave Detector – an instrument that checks radiation leakage from microwave ovens in the ISM band at 2 450 MHz; manufactured by Microsafe Australia – See CSIRO Disclaimer: Microwave Oven Service, 1993 (Media Release)
Interps – computer program for estimating chemical analyses from light intensity measurements recorded with colorimetric methods of analysis
Iodine supplements – to prevent iodine deficiency diseases – See Iodine deficiency
IRIS design package for progressive spectacle lenses – software developed in the late 1980s for people suffering from the common complaint presbyopia; used by SOLA International, one of the largest Optical Lens Companies in the world – See Spectacle lens design and Mathematical modelling for optical lens design (Achievement)
ISOLDE (Integrated Software and On-Line Documentation Environment) – an integrated software development and document generation environment that supports technical authors in the production of on-line help
I-spy – a generic tagging system that will enable scientists to ‘tag’ and monitor specific proteins of interest without altering the proteins structure or function

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K

Kensington Pride – Mango fruit variety – See In brief: More chromosomes could benefit mangoes, 2006 (The CSIRO Times)
Ku-band antennas for the Galaxy HS601 satellites – development done under contract for Hughes Aircraft; the first in this series was launched in October 1992 – See AUSSAT-B and other antenna research
Ku-band antennas for the Orion satellites – development done under contract for British Aerospace Space Systems – See AUSSAT-B and other antenna research

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Lactoferrin ingredient – a biologically-active protein derived from whey using CSEP technology, has application as an antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and potentially, anti-cancer and anti-osteoporosis agent – See Dairy products for improved human health
LAIRD (Local Area Impacts of Retail Developments) – software for planning retail developments
LambAlive – software, assesses the risk of lamb losses from bad weather
LAMM (Local Area Microcomputer Mapping) – software, displays and manipulates spatial data for any specified areas as a multi-coloured map display
LandAssess – software for management of the monsoonal tall grass woodlands of northern Australia
Landmaster – Phalaris grass cultivar for marginal soils – See Choosing phalaris (CSIRO plant Industry)
LANDTEM™ – a highly portable exploration tool which can spot the difference between ore and conductive overburden, even when the ore body is deeply buried; a ground-based electromagnetic superconducting SQUID sensor; licensed to Outer-Rim Exploration Services in Kalgoorlie, WA – See also Locating the ore others miss (Solution)
LAWMan (Local Area Waste Management) – software, suite of models designed to facilitate estimation of waste generation (based on projected future population)
Lawson – winter wheat cultivar – See Wheat breeding in Australia’s high-rainfall zone
LCADesign (Life Cycle Assessment and Computer Aided Design) – software for automated environmental analysis of commercial building designs; jointly with CRC for Construction Innovation – See CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems – Software and Resources
Leak detector based on a quadrupole mass spectrometer – developed in the Division of Chemical Physics and manufactured in Australia in 1967-68 – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
LEBUM (Leakage-Buffer Model) – a tool that calculates the impact of phase-rotation on average long-term leakage in south Western Australia
Lepton – rapid antibody test kit for cotton pests
LevySim – software module for GOCAD package and performs Fractal levy Motion simulations
LFM Moisture Analyser (Low Frequency Microwave Moisture Analyser) – a novel instrument now recognised as breakthrough technology by the industry; has the advantage that it is unaffected by wide variations in the distribution of water in the coal on the belt, and can be used on steel cord reinforced belts that are now common in the industry; has been commercialised through a CSIRO spin-off company, Intalysis Pty Ltd; over 150 moisture systems have been sold in Australia and overseas – See Coalscan – on-line analysis instruments for the coal industry
LICHEE (Life Cycle House Energy Evaluation) – software, a CAD-based tool for detached housing
Light and Easy Cat Litter – product made from recycling telephone books; commercialised by Equinox Management P/L and Telecom – See Timber Supplement From Paper And Plastic, 1998 (Media Release)
Lightweight Horn for a US Defence satellite application – the CSIRO designed corrugated horn was called ‘bowl-shaped’ because of its distinctive profile. Fabricated from carbon-fibre-reinforced plastic materials by Composite Optics Inc. (now ATK Space Systems, San Diego, USA), the final horn had a mass of only 9.3 kg, which was over an order-of-magnitude weight reduction when compared to an aluminium prototype horn. The horn successfully completed space-qualification tests, but never made it into space as the US Defence application was cancelled – See AUSSAT-B and other antenna research
Lime and Nutrient Balance – software, keeps a 10-year record of gains and losses of key nutrients and changes in soil acidity; calculates nitrogen and phosphorus requirements to achieve a target yield
Linear pipe reactor – for determining flocculation kinetics – See Thickener technology for mineral processing
Linola – new crop variety in the flax group
LITRES – tool for advanced passenger transport simulation
LITRES-2 – simulation tool that handles multi-leg journeys and makes a clear distinction between simulation and scheduling modules; for urban transport planning
LoFlo CO2 analyser – a continuous carbon dioxide analyser using satellite or the internet to connect to a central laboratory – See Our changing atmosphere (Overview – Research)
Low-E Coated Windows – Titanium nitride (TiN) thin film coatings for low-emittance energy efficient windows
LR3IGF – a modified highly-active form of insulin like growth factor -1 ; sold by GroPep now Novozymes GroPep Limited
LUCID – software, INTKEY program; taxonomic database – See DELTA taxonomic computer programs
LuciTrap – product, trap for green sheep blowfly
LUCNA (Land Use Change in Northern Australia) – model that predicts what combinations of changing productivity, prices and policies would cause the pastoral industry to run into problems
LUPIS (Land Use Planning Information System) – a microcomputer-based spatial decision support system developed to assist in implementing the SIRO-PLAN and SIRO-MED approaches to spatial resource allocation by facilitating the ranking of competing candidate land uses or management regimes on each of the resource inventoried areas, which jointly comprise a region of study
LUPlan – software for land use planning

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Maaate (Music And Audio Analysis Toolkit) – powers a new generation of music searching products especially for use in MP3 format
MACE (Minerals And Coal Evaluation) – world’s first diagnostic tool to benchmark flotation performance
MacKellar – wild grass, feed wheat varietal, resistant to barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV); licensed to AWB Seeds – See Wheat breeding in Australia’s high-rainfall zone
Maestro – software, mathematical array model of photosynthetic responses of tree stands to rising CO2 concentrations and temperatures
MagMotor – electric motor drive based on super-magnets
MaizeMan – software, monitors and predicts growth and water use of maize
Mallee Calculator – a model yield and nitrogen calculator specific to Mallee conditions; funded by Grains research and Development Corporation
maNage rice – software, options for topdressing nitrogen fertiliser
Manage Wheat – software, nitrogen fixation; to be marketed by Wesfarmers/Dalgety
Mantis – a vertical take-off, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV); a ‘brain’ which enables the production of a world-first low-cost, intelligent small helicopter, set to end many difficult and dangerous tasks undertaken by humans. The CSIRO Mantis can simply be told where to go and what to do, and it will go off, do the job and find its own way home, unassisted.
MAPROJ – software, enables accurate maps at any scale of operation
Marroo Seedless – Black table grape varietal; licensed to Phytotech Australia P/L – See Grapevine breeding (Overview – Research)
MASTER (Managing Acid Soils Through Efficient Rotations) – software
MATIX – software for tick control in south Queensland
MDBSIS (Murray-Darling Basin Soil Information Strategy) – digital information about soils for land resources planning – See Taking a Captain Cook at the Murray-Darling, 1999 (Media Release)
Medical Sheepskins – a new Australian Standard for the production of medical sheepskins for use in hospitals and nursing homes; developed in the 1990s, the sheepskins are washable at high temperatures without loss of quality
MeltFlow – software, computer-aided engineering technique for the pressure die-casting technique
MENOR – object oriented software engineering
MenuLib – suite of software programs for mineral process control/customising menus for data entry
MerbeinGold 2336 – mandarin varietal bred to recombine characteristics of Imperial mandarin and Ellendale tangerines for Australian conditions; commercialised by Perfection Fresh Australia – See Seedless gold (Publication – General)
MerbeinGold 2350 – mandarin varietal bred to recombine characteristics of Imperial mandarin and Ellendale tangerines for Australian conditions; commercialised by Perfection Fresh Australia – See Seedless gold (Publication – General)
MetAccess® – software, analyses historical weather data; the distributor is Horizon Agriculture Pty Ltd
MFAT (Murray Flow Assessment Tool) – software tool, assesses the ecological impacts of a range of environmental flow scenarios
MFR (Micro Fourier Rheometer) – instrument that uses a simple squeezing process to rapidly determine the complex rheological properties of viscoelastic fluids
MicroBRIAN – remote sensing software – See Barrier Reef Image Analysis System (BRIAN)
MicroLab – a laboratory reactor that employs microwave technology
Millenium Building – state-of-the-art, smart, environmentally compatible, multi-purpose building to showcase Australian technology
Millennium Muscat™ – a golden, seeded, early-maturing table grape with a distinctive aromatic muscat flavour
MinDress – software, mineral dressing plant simulator
Mix2.O – software, calculates air exchanges between zones
Mobile Maps – software, includes GPS to check for recent changes to the power or water network; used in conjunction with ACT Electricity and Water
MolSAR – for computer-aided drug discovery; a predictive QSAR computational tool capable of generating robust structure-property models; available within Bio-Rad’s Know It All Informatics System
Monola – canola oil product containing optimum levels of mono- and poly-unsaturated fatty acids for a frying oil; marketed by Nutrihealth Pty Ltd – See In quest of the gourmet chip, 2000 (Media Release)
MPE (Multi-Phase Equilibrium) database – software database that has thermodynamic and transport properties of metallurgical systems
MPTDat – software for tree performance data
MTBFile – software for creation of MINITAB data files from WARIS output files
MudLine – software for image processing of digital image analysis of mineral slurries – See Cheaper, faster, precision ore analysis, 1999 (Media Release)
Mult – multistorey frame analysis software
MultiBeam antenna – a new concept in Earth-based antenna design; each multibeam antenna can receive and transmit from up to 19 satellites at one time; produced by Sydney Engineering (Sales) Pty Ltd – See also Patriot Antenna Systems to commercialise CSIRO MultiBeam satellite communications technology, 2007 (Media Release)
Multiphase Well Testing Tool – oil well testing instrument
Multiple (double-pass) monochronometer – a device that improved the resolution of commercial infrared spectrometers by allowing the radiation to be passed two or more times through the same optical system; developed by Alan Walsh and patented in the 1950s; licensed to Perkin-Elmer in 1953; royalties obtained during the life of the patents was US$77 000 – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
MultSim – arterial road, traffic simulation program
MUSIC (Model for Stormwater Improvement Conceptualisation) – software several versions

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NanoHouse – house of the future built from a range of energy-saving materials developed using nanotechnology; partnership between CSIRO and UTS
NanoSunN – nano-sized transparent zinc oxide powders and customised dispersions for protection of the skin from harmful UVA/UVB radiation in cosmetic products such as hand and body lotions, moisturisers, baby products, lip products and makeup
Napier – Yannicum sub clover cultivar developed by the National Annual Pasture Legume Improvement Program
NatHERS – house energy rating system software; replaced by AccuRate – See Australia Advances – Series Four: Energy Efficient Houses
NCAS (National Carbon Accounting System Toolbox) – provides a set of tools for tracking greenhouse gas emissions and carbon stock changes from land use and management; it provides access to the Full Carbon Accounting Model (FullCAM), that is derived from Australia’s National Carbon Accounting System, and includes all supporting technical documentation; through the Toolbox, users can access: carbon accounting data for a range of plant species and land management systems; historic climate records; and search all technical reports relating to development of the NCAS (available on CD)
NDVI (Normalised Difference Vegetation Index ) – vegetation index software – See 3.5 years of global Vegetation Greenness data (CSIRO Earth Observation Centre)
Nemesis – breeding for worm resistance in Merino sheep; significantly reduces Australian farmers’ traditional reliance on drenching products in high rainfall areas – See Breeding sheep for sustainable worm control information sheet (Publication – Technical)
Nephelometer – a versatile optical fibre instrument for measuring turbidity in liquids; invented by Clive Coogan and manufactured in Australia by Selby Scientific and Medical Company. It was placed on the market in 1986.
NESSIE – software for designing constructed wetlands
NMP (Nuclear Microprobe) – an instrument designed and manufactured by CSIRO in the late 1990s – See Joint venture in sharp focus, 2002 (Media Release)
NoiseXPT-Rail – software for the estimation and control of noise generated by trains
No-Mow Grass – native grass (Hume wallaby grass) developed for the NSW Road Traffic Authority – See ‘No Mow’ to cut costs for ACT parks and gardens, 1993 (Media Release)
NORMAN – no-morphine poppy plant that produces thebaine and oripavine, compounds used in the manufacture of pain killers; developed in collaboration between CSIRO, ANU, Tasmanian Alkaloids, Institute for Plant Biochemistry and the University Halle – See Flexible pain relief with morphine-free poppy, 2004 (Media Release)
Novosorb™ biodegradable polymer – for multiple biomedical applications
NRM (Natural Resource Management) – software tool – See also Linking the landscape leaders: NRM and local government relationships in the Avon River Basin (Fact Sheet)
NUCOLOX – new concept in bowel health
NUE (Nitrogen-Use-Efficient) wheat and barley: the ‘NUE’ thing – wheat and barley varieties requiring as much as 50 % less fertiliser
NUMBAT – an 8-wheeled all terrain remotely controlled mine response vehicle for use in emergencies
NutriAce – a model that predicts impacts of fertiliser strategy and climate variability on pasture production system
NutriLogic – See CottonLogic – fertiliser management software – See also Cotton management (Overview – Research)
NUTRIpak – part of a comprehensive information manual on cotton nutrition and advice on fertiliser management – See FIBREpak introduction (Cotton Catchment Communities)

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O2OPTIX™ – flexible use contact lenses – See Extended wear contact lenses
OARS (Operational Airborne Research Spectrometer) – instrument – See The sky’s the limit for new CSIRO spinoff, 2001 (Media Release)
Ocean glider – remotely controlled, deep ocean-going robotic submarine designed to play a central role in measuring changes in two of Australia’s most influential ocean currents
OCEANMAG™ – a technology that allows traditional controlled source electromagnetic (CSEM) exploration techniques for marine hydrocarbons to extend into shallow water; delivers magnetic tensor gradiometry (the rate of change of the strength of the magnetic field), detects the sources of magnetic field noise and predicts what the electric field noise would be. This predicted noise is subtracted from the CSEM signal enhancing the signal to noise ratio and giving explorers greater power to predict where marine hydrocarbon resources are. See Exploring under the sea floor with OCEANMAG™.
Oceans-EEZ – a planning and design software tool for ocean analysis – See Links Page – Division of Marine Research Data Centre
OCTOSON – an ultrasound scanner for images of body organs; manufactured and distributed by Ausonics
OLR (On-line rheometer) – instrument capable of measuring the visco-elastic properties of fluids under flow conditions
OMNI – a new machine that measures coating thickness as they are being applied
On-Line Filter Bag Monitoring System – an instrument that monitors gas flow and dust emissions in large pulse-jet filters
OPTI (Offset Printing Thickness Instrument) – non-contrast sensor that measures thickness of the dampening solution – See also Stop press! Ink revolution, 2000 (Media Release)
Optical fibre cables containing pure liquids – developed by Graeme Ogilvie in the late 1960s, it is the foundation of the substantial Australian optical fibre cable industry, which exists today
Optical fibre pulling machine – developed by Graeme Ogilvie in the 1960s for fibre optics research; later installed at Scientific Glass and Engineering Pty Ltd, where it was used to manufacture glass capillary columns for gas chromatographs, an Australian product exported worldwide
OPTIM™ Fine ‘silky’ wool fibres – now marketed as Arcana™ – See OPTIM™ fibre processing
OPTIM™ Max ‘bulky’ wool fibres – now marketed as Arcana™ – See OPTIM™ fibre processing
Optus-B – satellite spot beam antenna – See AUSSAT-B and other antenna research
OSP 130 (Optical Surface Profiler) – software that measures profiles of master tooling used in coin minting process – See CSIRO scores a double in export race, 1994 (Media Release)
OUTMAP – software that identifies genetic ‘markers’ linked to growth rate, wood quality and disease resistance
Ovine SNP50 BeadChip – pinpoints the small genetic differences which produce a variety of commercially important traits in sheep; developed in association with the ISGC – See also Cattle and sheep genome project and CSIRO to take the guess work out of breeding sheep (Audio)
Oxygen Probe – an instrument capable of measuring oxygen concentrations from 100% down to 0.1% – See Probe to make mine waste safer, 2001 (Media Release)
OxyMix – a simple, compact and inexpensive device to mix oxygen and atmospheric air for premature babies – joint project between NASCOR Biomedical devices and CSIRO – See New device to help premature babies, 2003 (Media Release)
OzClim – software that generates climate change scenarios and simulates potential climate change impacts on the environment and primary production for regions of Australia
OZCOT – a cotton simulation model; used in the software package HydroLOGIC for managing irrigation water use – See Cotton irrigation software saves water, 2003 (Media Release)
Oz Insight – software, usenet client/server solution brings speed and convenience to users and ISPs – See Faster, better, cheaper newsgroups, 2000 (Media Release)

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3-PGS (Physiological Principles Predicting Growth from Satellites) – model – See Tools for modeling commercial environmental forestry (Solution)
PALTEK – software that enables Leica Microsystems Lithography Ltd’s VB6 electron beam lithography machines to receive Palette-based microstructure data files to fabricate master plates for CSIRO’s OVDs (Optically Variable Devices); portability of Vectorgram – See World’s leading anti-counterfeiting technology for Europe, 2003 (Media Release)
Panoptic™ – a better search engine
Paper sheet former – an automated laboratory paper sheet former that produces paper sheets with properties identical to those produced on commercial scale paper machines; reduces the expense and logistical complexity of a pilot-scale or mill trial on paper product optimisation, new paper chemicals or new product development – See Pilot Scale Former: new technology for the pulp and paper industry (Service)
PAPT (Patient Admission Prediction Tool) – software – See Reducing bottlenecks in emergency departments, 2008 (Media Release)
PARMS-Planning – Enables authorities to manage water reticulation assets efficiently. It can assess replacement needs based upon the predicted number of failures in any one year, and is easily tailored to meet customer needs – See PARMS-Priority software: managing pipeline replacement analysis (Publication – Technical)
PARMS-Risk – risk management tool – See PARMS-Priority software: managing pipeline replacement analysis (Publication – Technical)
PARROT – media/multiple access controller (MAC) for wireless ATM networks
Passive Air Sampler – instrument which measures air pollution for R&D projects
Pastures from Space™ – website that provides estimates of pasture growth rate for south-west Western Australia’s Mediterranean zone; in conjunction with Agriculture WA and the WA Dept. of Land Administration
PATN – software that searches for patterns in complex research data/multi-variate data analysis; distributed by the Australian Antarctic Division
Patterson – wheat variety – See Wheat breeding in Australia’s high-rainfall zone
PCX – instrument for imaging and tomography of macroscopic sediments; commercialised by XRT and Gatan
PEBA-II – software, rapidly generates and personalises text for electronic catalogues or Web applications
PEC (Pigment Emulsified Creosote) – water in oil emulsion; licensed to Koppers Australia (also known as Cleansote) – See The Back Fence: Bringing It Back, 1999 (Media Release)
PECC – software, accelerates the uptake of electronic commerce, Internet connectivity and global numbering systems in the pharmaceutical manufacturing industry
PenName – software, key to Penicillium species
Periodic excitation phosphorometer – developed in the Division of Chemical Physics in the 1940s – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
PERMBLANK.WRK – software that processes soil water sorption
Personal Cooling Vest – micro-climate cooling suit; protective clothing for fire fighters
PESKY – software for tick control and pest risk assessment
Pesticide Residue Test Kits – licensed by Strategic Diagnostics Inc; original research and licensing was in collaboration with Millipore and ISI
PestMan – software for the control stored grain pests
PGR (Pastures Growth Rate) – management tool – See New management tool for East Australian graziers, 2007 (Media Release)
PHE Cooler – air conditioner/plate heat exchanger; uses less electrical energy than conventional refrigerated air conditioners doing a similar cooling job
Phoslock™ – absorbent clay-based substance which removes nutrient phosphorus, thus inhibiting growth of algal bloom; licensed to IMT Holdings
PhotoMatrix™ – a light-activated biocompatible implant matrix based on fibrinogen, gelatin and/or other proteins for tissue engineering applications, which can be used as an in vivo curing, arthroscopic delivery vehicle for cells, growth factors or proteins – See PhotoSeal™: photomedical technologies (Product)
PhotoSeal™ – photomedical technologies; human tissue sealant which glues together the synthetic form of resilin; a light-activated, biocompatible tissue sealant based on fibrinogen or gelatin or other proteins
PicoBubbles – cavitation tube instrument for improving coal flotation; in conjunction with Novatech Consulting
PigMax – software, pig productivity
PIMA II – compact handheld spectrometer providing field geologists with new analytical tool for identification of rocks, minerals and soils
PIRI (Pesticide Impact Rating Index) – software; model that calculates impact on surrounding water bodies – See also The Pesticide Impact Rating Index (PIRI)
PlantGro – software that predicts plant growth
Platypus – software/database of taxonomy fauna
PlotLib – software, 2-D planar graphs
PNGRIS (Papua New Guinea Resource Information System) – software for mapping of agricultural systems
PocketSVG – developers’ toolkit for using Scalable Vector Graphics on Pocket PCs
Polarising interferometer – for the servo control of the ruling engines used to make diffraction gratings for atomic absorption spectrometers; developed by DA Davies at Chemical Physics in the 1960s – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
POLDIF – software for dispersion of noise and air pollution from urban roads
Polymer banknotes – plastic banknotes with optically variable devices (OVDs); a world’s first and a paradigm shift towards a currency secure against forgery; marketed by Securency International Pty Ltd, a joint venture between the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) and Innovia Films formed in 1996; by 2009 Securency was exporting to 25 countries, with more than three billion polymer notes in circulation
PONDMAN 2 – software that combines data so that farmers can assess situation on farms re stock, feed usage, harvests, etc. – See Computer-Friendly Prawns, 1999 (Media Release)
PopProj (Population Projections) – software program for a single region cohort survival population projection model
Portable Sonic Fineness Tester – instrument for the objective measurement of wool
Prawn virus detection kit – can detect the presence of both gill-associated virus (GAV) and yellow-head virus (YHV)
PreshaFruit – fruit juices product made by high pressure processing; manufactured by Preshafood Ltd, formerly Donny Boy Fresh Food Company – See CSIRO drinks to world’s best new juice, 2009 (Media Release)
Pressure Coring Tool – takes core samples from wool bales for objective measurement analyses
Primagam™ – diagnostic kit for Tuberculosis in non-human primates – See Tuberculosis diagnosis in animals and humans
PrimeGro – test that aids the selection of breeding stock with enhanced growth characteristics
PROCCA – a CCA-oil emulsion; marketed as Tanalith Gold; licensed to Koppers-Hickson – See The Back Fence: Bringing It Back, 1999 (Media Release)
PROFTRIL – anthelmintic device for control of internal sheep parasites; manufactured by Captec Ltd and marketed jointly by Smith Kline Beecham Animal Health and Nufarm Animal Health
Projection Wizard – software, productivity tool for strategic planners in health industry
ProMin – software that simulates a number of comminution and classification unit processes simultaneously
ProMod – model that predicts plantation productivity
Proof grader for the timber industry – See Engineered performance of timber
Prosper – software, sugar cane land management information system
PSI (Property Standard Index) – software decision support model for Queensland Dept. of Housing; facilitates decisions on selling, maintaining and reviewing building stock
Psychro-Fast – the world’s best test for dairy spoilage organisms; used in manufacture of pasteurised milk with improved storage life – See Keeping Milk Fresher, Longer, 1998 (Media Release)
PSZ (Partially Stabilized Zirconia) – an extremely tough ceramic with a wide range of industrial applications; developed in 1974
PUCE (Pattern-Unit-Component-Evaluation) – terrain evaluation software for civil engineering works
PumpIT – software for windmill pumps
Pump Sampler – instrument that samples water in drill holes or lakes
Pyrolex Ceramifiable – trade name given by Olex to their ceramifying polymers

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Q

QNXPlot – software, suite of sub-programs for QNX Real-time multi-tasking Operating system and graphs
Quadrella – lucerne variety, distributed by Keith Seeds Pty Ltd – See Courageous decision sprouts lucerne export dollars, 1994 (Media Release)
QuantiFERON®-TB Gold – diagnostic kit for Tuberculosis in humans – See Tuberculosis diagnosis in animals and humans
QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-tube – diagnostic kit for Tuberculosis in humans – See Tuberculosis diagnosis in animals and humans
Queensberry – planning system software for decision making of public assets
QUEST (Queensland Electronic Services Trial) – software, town planning database, integrated spatial services
Quick Dry Merino – a new quick drying wool fabric developed in partnership with Australian Wool Innovation; significantly reduces drying time for both shrink-resistant and hand-washed wool garments
Quote – cost estimating software system for alterations and additions to houses and new home construction

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R

‘R’ – software for statistical modelling and computing, scripts – See also Software Downloads (CSIRO ICT Centre)
Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease Virus Suspension – new delivery product for biological control of wild rabbit populations; suspension held and distributed by NSW DPI, Elizabeth Macarthur Institute – See Rabbits on the back foot – but naturally they’re fighting back, 2009 (Media Release)
RACOD Meter – for continuous metering of organics in waste water or sewage – See S.A. to manufacture world-first pollution meter, 1998 (Media Release)
RailTune – a tailored software package for the Rail Infrastructure Corporation (RIC), it is a mathematical solution to the significant problem of matching track monitoring signals between runs
RainCatch – software that evaluates current or proposed domestic rainwater supply systems including roof area and tank design
Rainforest Pearl – Finger lime varietal; a selection of Citrus australasica var. sanguinea
RainRisk – software for the assessment of the requirements for irrigation and drainage and wet weather risk to harvesting systems
RAM (Rotated Arc Mixer) – an instrument for chaotic mixing of thick fluids in either batch or continuous through-flow models – See Industrial mixer creates a stir (Solution)
RAMeX Heat Exchanger – a new generation heat exchanger (RAMeX) which offers lower energy costs, a smaller industrial footprint and more efficient heat transfer and mixing
RangePack Climate – drought management software
RangePack Herd-Econ – pastoral planning-eco software
Rangepack Paddoch – pastoral planning software
RankStats – statistical analysis and non parametric software for sensory evaluation
RAPSODY – software that assists with design and operation of remote area power supplies (RAPS) – See Lighting up Peru, 1999 (Media Release)
Raptor – software for flow modeling of wind over steep terrain
RateSetter – software that estimates operating costs on logging systems
Recaldent™ – a casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate ingredient, works to safely strengthen teeth by delivering calcium and phosphate (the building blocks of tooth enamel) in a unique soluble form to help remineralise the enamel. Recaldent™ is an active component in the Trident™ [external link] range of functional chewing gums marketed in Japan and the USA by Cadbury-Adams – See also Dairy products for improved human health
Recharge – product, recycled storm-water for bottled drinking water
Reditus™ – a dynamic design, pricing and trading tool for the finance industry – See also Reditus™ finance software (Solution)
ReefTemp – environmental management tool using satellite observations to provide daily updates of the risk of coral bleaching – See also Barrier Reef bleaching, 2007 (Audio)
Rees – drought tolerant wheat variety; developed in joint venture with GrainGene; commercialised by AWB Seeds – See also ‘Rees’ wheat gives more crop per drop, 2003 (Media Release)
RefLib – computer retrieval software system for scientific references
REGSOL – software for assessing thermodynamic activity of metallurgical slags
Relenza™ – anti-influenza drug active against all strains of influenza virus; designed using 3D structure of the influenza virus neuraminidase protein to guide the chemistry
Remote sensing computer software – developed by Andy Green to take the poor quality original digital data from NASA’s Landsat 1 and produce valuable first generation digital images suited to Australian situations. New ‘noise’ removal and contrast enhancement procedures yielded high-quality photographic products optimised for the display of geological information and provided the springboard for Australia to extend its use of satellite imagery into tasks ranging from mineral exploration, crop assessment and ecosystem mapping to monitoring overgrazing, erosion, flooding and bushfires – See Remote sensing
ResComp (Resource Competition) model – software to simulate the dynamics of vegetation cover
RESI – tree breeding program software
Resilin – a new biocompatible ‘rubber’ protein; a product with near-prefect capacity to recover, or bounce back, after stress is applied and extraordinary durability; copied from remarkable jumping power of fleas – See also Scientists copy flea power to create a perfect rubber, 2005 (Media Release)
ReVegIH (Re-Vegetation Impacts on Hydrology) – decision support tool, provides land managers and policy makers with advice on three aspects: (info) the best places to re-plant to minimise sediment loss; (ii) suitability maps for 38 tree and shrub species; and (iii) the ability to determine the impacts on water yields at the same time – See also Helping China re-vegetate the Loess Plateau (Achievement)
RiM-FIM (River Murray Floodplain Inundation Model) – a research and decision support software tool for environmental flow management in the River Murray – See also River Murray floodplain inundation model (Publication – General)
Ripple-Flo – grain mill equipment
RISKHerd – software, determines effects of different tax structures and policy instruments on the profitability
R-jet device – creates a high-velocity rotational jet inside storage tanks that re-suspends sediment
RoboSorter – Machine Vision System (MVS) sorting machine designed for Buderim Ginger, QLD
Rocket Science Line – product, milk protein extract MPF-1 which can replenish aged, sun-damaged or fragile skin; licensed to Beta Peptide – See Dairy farmer’s guide to increasing milk protein, 2006 (Media Release)
Roseanne – Democrat cross apple variety
Rostering Toolkit – an intelligence-driven ‘Smart Rostering’ software toolkit for handling workforce rostering problems
ROTAP (The Rare or Threatened Australian Plants) list – the list and associated coding system was developed and has been maintained by CSIRO since 1979; lists taxa that are presumed extinct, endangered, vulnerable, rare or poorly known at the national level
Rotary Classifier – an instrument that revolutionised the market for industrial separator screens; commercialised to RCR Tomlinson – See also New mineral separating technology helps reduce blinding, 2005 (Media Release)
Rotary Regenerator – heat wheel equipment which extracts heat from the exhaust air stream and transfers it to fresh air entering a building
ROVER (Robust Outdoor Vision-based Experimental Robots) – a hot metal carrier that can operate ‘autonomously’ around a site similar in layout to a smelter operation; uses vision as a primary sensor to navigate roads and obstacles and identify its location – See Smart vehicles to handle hot metal safely (Profile – Project)
RTSim (Rapid Transit Simulator) – simulation software to help developers of light rail systems optimise their networks – See Public transport of the future, 2004 (Media Release)
Rubienne – wine grape variety
RumenSin Capsule – an anti-bloat capsule for the slow-release of magnesium/monensin; commercialised by Elanco Animal Health (Eli Lilly) – See Pastoral research lab jubilee – fuelling Australia’s ride on the sheep’s back, 1997 (Media Release)
Rumentek – protected nutrient feed supplements – See Less gas, more dollars from livestock, 2000 (Media Release) and Healthy Butter Spreads Better, 1999 (Media Release)
RVA (Rapid Visco Analyser) – rotational viscometer which assesses properties of starch in food ingredients; commercialised by Newport Scientific Pty Ltd – See ‘Miniature’ factory to improve dairy products, 2001 (Media Release)

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S@NITY name changed to P@NOPTIC – web and intranet search and management tools supplying accurate information – See Panoptic™: a better search engine (Achievment)
SafeStor – software that estimates expected storage life of grain
Safe-T-Cam – traffic management system using cameras and computers
Salinity meter – developed by Chemical Physics; manufactured by Techtron Pty Ltd, Melbourne – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
Salinometer – portable instrument for in situ measurements of temperature and salinity; manufactured by Yeo-Kal Environmental Electronics
Saltimeter – ready reckoner barometer which indicates red danger zone when salinity level causes crop yield losses
SaltRec – economic cost-benefit analysis model for establishment of eucalypt plantations in saline regions – See Improved information to guide the establishment of eucalypt plantations in saline regions (CSIRO Land and Water)
SAT (Sustainability Assessment Tool) – quantitative tool for Bauxite Residue Management
SATE (Scheduling of Appointments at Trade Events) – software – See Meetings Magic Brings Order Out of Chaos, 1999 (Media release)
SatMap – remote sensing; uses colour coded imagery to reveal pasture growth and fertility status; commercialised by Incitec
SatSlag – software for calculating steel making type slags/phase diagrams
SAVE (Seasonal Activity Variation and Exposure) – software that tracks and measures air pollution
SAW-ELISA (Surface Acoustic Wave-Enzyme Linked In Situ Analysis) – a biosensor instrument or artificial sniffer/bionic nose that detects minute quantities of pollutants; imitates the way animals smell odours
Scanning Kelvin Probe – an instrument that reveals previously unobserved interactions taking place at the birth of corrosion – See Probe promises corrosion revolution, 2000 (Media Release)
SCATS (Sydney’s Coordinated Adaptive Traffic System) – software, linked to TRITRAM traffic control – See New Computer Software to Smarten-Up Traffic, 1999 (Media Release)
Scenario Manager – a tool that enables the evaluation of integrated urban water systems, comprising water supply, wastewater and stormwater treatment and disposal infrastructure
Scientriffic – junior science magazine
Scrimber – a reconstituted timber product for structural purposes
SDL – an analytical instrument that measures parameters of water, including salinity and temperature
Searise – autonomous Starbug submarine/underwater robot – See also Starbug: CSIRO’s award-winning robotic submarine (Project – Profile)
SedNet – Sediment Network modeling software; assesses catchment water quality; predicts river sediment and nutrient loads
SedSim – sedimentary process modelling software; predicts sediment transport over long periods of time
SelectGene – software, DNA technologies in sheep genetics and wool technology for stud breeding to assist ram breeders
Selector – software for selecting the right trees for the right job
Sentinel Hotspots – software, online map to help firefighters better detect and monitor blazes and hotspots – See Locating bushfires as they happen (Solution)
SEQA (Sequence and Annotation) – database
Sequel – lucerne cultivar
SERM (Simple Estuarine Response Model) – a coupled biological-physical model of estuarine response in Australian estuaries
Sewer Sentinel® – flow-through sensor instruments for temperature, conductivity, turbidity, pH and dissolved oxygen of sewage; manufactured by MACE (Measuring & Control Equipment) Pty Ltd – See Waste management advances, 1993 (Media Release)
Shear deformation analysis equipment – to determine simple shearing and rotational shearing for deforming rocks and soils
Shear Vessel – an operator-independant instrument for continuous measurement of flocculation performance – See Thickener technology for mineral processing
Shop Floor Scheduler – software that cuts production time by helping manufacturers streamline their factory processes
Shrinkometer – an instrument that measures the length change in filter bags over months of service
Sicala series of fungal resistant cotton varieties – soon became synonymous with high quality Australian cotton – See Cotton breeding and new cotton varieties and the list of Cotton breeding plant variety rights
Sicot series of new cotton varieties – See Cotton breeding and new cotton varieties and the list of Cotton breeding plant variety rights
SIFAN (Single Fibre Analyser)
Silverfish – instrument that measures temperature and salinity of water; hung at front of ships
SilviScan-2® – instrument for the rapid determination of wood microstructure – See SilviScan™ rapid wood analysis
SilviScan -3® – instrument for the rapid determination of wood microstructure – See SilviScan™ rapid wood analysis
SIMED II – reservoir simulator software for multiphase flow in coal
SIMEDWin – a Windows user interface version of SIMED II, for modeling the drainage of gas from coal seams and also to model conventional dry gas reservoirs
Siokra series of new cotton varieties – the first okra leaf variety to be widely grown anywhere in the world Siokra 1-1 had excellent fibre quality and was also resistant to the serious disease bacterial blight. This started a long line of fully blight resistant varieties from CSIRO such as Siokra 1-4 and CS 50 and has resulted in the elimination of bacterial blight from the Australian cotton industry – See Cotton breeding and new cotton varieties and the list of Cotton breeding plant variety rights
Sirag – software, helps irrigators how much water to apply and when
SiragCrop – software, dial-up crop management services for irrigation
SiragField – software, irrigation scheduling component for annual crops
SiragOrchard – software, schedules orchard crops irrigation
SIRATAC – sample tests for pest control management in cotton
Siratro – a tropical pasture legume – See Pastures for the north
Sire-Sine Magnesium Capsule – a product for the control of grass tetany in cattle; marketed by Cheetham Rural
Siro2 – solid electrolyte oxygen sensor instrument – See Solid financial return from science: economic report, 1996 (Media Release)
Siro3D® – uses pairs of digital photographs to generate models of outcrops or rock faces in which a photograph is draped over a three-dimensional mesh
SiroAlarm – instrument that alerts shift workers at the charging stations when charging is proceeding too rapidly
SiroAsh – gauges for on-line determination of ash content of coal – See Coalscan – on-line analysis instruments for the coal industry
SiroBIC (CSIRO Battery Information Collector) – gauge for electric vehicles
SiroCard – a machine that increases carding productivity and improves quality
SIROCCO – Phalaris grass cultivar – See Choosing phalaris (Publication – General)
SiroChek – an instrument that measures radial relief of taps
SiroCLEAR™ – optical yarn sensor for identification and removal of pack fibres
SiroDec – computer based training program that explains the principles of batch pressure decatising of wool fabrics – predicts levels of permanent set
SiroEX – software, models transient electromagnetic (TEM) responses – See SiroTem
SiroEZ – selective ion exchange resins for copper and mercury
SiroFire – software, bushfire spread simulator
Siro FLCSpec® – software, predicts performance of individual fleeces
SiroFlex – a novel ultramicrotome instrument developed by John Farrant which avoided the use of bearings in the specimen support train; marketed, for a number of years, under the name ‘Si-Ro-Flex’ and manufactured by the Fairey Aviation Company of Australasia Pty Limited, Salisbury, South Australia. Schuco Scientific handled sales in the United States and Aeon Laboratories in the United Kingdom.
SiroGas® – software, simulates and investigates gas flows
Siro Gritometer – instrument that measures the amount of soil or grit in fruit
SiroHauteur – software for predicting hauteur (the average length of fibres in the top from results of greasy wool tests)
SiroIndur – software, mathematically models the firing induration pelletisation process for magnetite and iron ore
SiroJoint® – software for rapid non-contact, automatic determination of joint orientations, joint distributions, joint spacing and persistence, joint roughness
SiroKEEN – instrument that sharpens microtome knives; commercialised by Austral Scientific and ‘UltroKEEN microtome knife sharpener’
SiroLan – a Phalaris grass cultivar; has lower alkaloid levels to avoid the risk of phalaris staggers – See ‘New light shed on phalaris toxicity’, Farming Ahead, 173: 60-61
SiroLan ASA – dyeing assistant
SiroLan BAP – shrink proofing polymer for worsted fabrics
SiroLan-Laserscan™ – an instrument developed in the 1990s, that uses lasers to measure the diameter of wool fibres; is the basis of the IWTO standard procedure, developed by CSIRO, for measuring average fibre diameter and fibre diameter distribution; fast and accurate with IWTO accreditation; more than 70 Sirolan Laserscans sold worldwide
SiroLan-TOPSpec® – software, prediction package
SiroLan Yarnspec® – software, predicts what an advanced mill should achieve using a particular wool top for a finer yarn, under specified spinning conditions
SiroLevel – level gauge for bins, silos and hoppers
SiroLock™ – carding solution for fibre control
SiroLot – software for predicting wool contaminants
SiroLotSpec® – software, predicts processing potential of single sale lots
SiroMag – instrument that magnetically marks steel cables and ropes
SiroMAN – mercury pathfinder instrument for minerals
SiroMark™ branding fluids – scourable branding fluids for use on sheep on the farm; replaced the previously used ‘tar’ brands which could not be removed by the wool scouring process; saved the wool industry millions of dollars over the years because it was no longer necessary to clip off the branded section or treat the final fabric with solvents
SiroMCA – rugged amplifier-spectrometer for SiroLog technology
SiroMeat – prime lamb terminal sire breed, crossbred ewes from Corriedale, Cheviot and Dorset Horn
SiroMed – software, resolves conservation disputes
SiroMet – instrumentation for the prevention of cotton fibre entanglements (neps)
SiroMin® – sheep feed supplement, mineral (trace elements) – See Welcome to CELS (CSIRO Centre for Environment and Life Sciences)
SiroMin-BF® – beef feed supplement, mineral (trace elements)
SiroNaria – a safflower variety, resistant to Alternaria and Phytophthora
SiroNem – bioassay in which soil samples are tested
SiroPrint machine – textile printing machine for Vigoreux printing of wool top
SiroPulper – Waste paper recovery machine
SiroPulse – high-resolution sub-surface radar instrument; scans walls, ground surfaces or furniture; can probe distances from less than one centimetre to several metres and will pick up both metallic and non-metallic objects; ideal for counter-terrorism applications including detection of explosive devices and other weapons that may have been buried within solid concrete structures
SiroQuant® – software for quantitative analysis of mineral samples – See Mineral analysis gets better, 2001 (Media Release)
SiroRA – variety of pistachio tree
SiroRes – Model for selective metal absorbing resins for recovering copper, mercury and iron from dilute solutions
Sirosa – Phalaris grass cultivar; has lower alkaloid levels to avoid the risk of phalaris staggers – See ‘New light shed on phalaris toxicity’, Farming Ahead, 173: 60-61
SiroSA – continuous iron ore analyser
SiroSampler – bore water sampling device
SiroSeeder – tillage equipment
Siro ShadeGro – lawn plant grass seed cultivar, amenable to shady conditions
Siro-SIMS (Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometer) – allows compositional analysis of the outermost atomic layers of a solid surface
SiroSize – software for fast non-contact automatic determination of rock fragment size
SiroSorb – instrument for the determination of mercury in geochemical samples
SiroSorter – a mill-scale device that sorts through large quantities of undyed fibrous materials in an on-line operation and removes coloured faults in a selective manner, using an electronic sensing and control system; cost effective solution to removing dark fibre contamination from cotton only; commercialised and distributed by Loptex
SiroSpinel – product from processing saline waters
SiroSpot – geographic information system software
SiroSteam machine – for Vigoreux printing of wool top
SiroStep – laser cutting machine for plastics
SiroStrain – stress analysis software
SiroTem (Transient ElectroMagnetics) – instrument for detecting ore bodies; manufactured by Geoex Pty Ltd – See SiroEX
Sirothora – safflower variety, resistant to Phytophthora
SiroTope – instrument for geochemical analysis using the lead isotopic characteristics of ore bodies
SiroTrace – instrument for tracing the profile of hacksaw blade teeth
SiroWet – instrument for measuring weatherability of buildings – See Building and construction testing services (Fact Sheet)
SiroX – instrument, novel flotation collector
SISAL – image processing software
Sizer – software for processing size/assay data
Skin PolarProbe – automated melanoma diagnosis instrument – See Australia Advances – Series one: Spot Check and CSIRO unveils new healthcare technology, 1999 (Media Release)
SLAMM (Scripting Language for Applied Mathematical Modelling) – a formal language for mathematical modelling. It allows the programmer to describe a mathematical model, specifically LP problems
SLAMP/Shear Magic (Simplified Loading and Manipulation Platform) – a machine developed by IWS (International Wool Secretariat) and Livestock Industries WA
SLIM (Strategic Landscape Investment Model) – can demonstrate the likely returns from a range of environmental activities in different locations across New South Wales
Sliver guillotine – for the preparation of snippets from wool tops
Slocum Glider – a new window into our coastal seas; designed for coastal deployments, it is capable of moving to specific locations and reaching depths of up to 200 metres by tracking controlled spatial and temporal grids for a maximum duration of about four weeks; moves both vertically and horizontally, driven in a sawtooth vertical profile by varying its buoyancy
Slurry Particle Size Analyser – link to UltraPS analyser – See Continuous on-line monitoring of particle size to improve alumina production (Profile – Project)
Smart Test – microprocessor controlled battery tester
Smelt2/3 – software for mass and energy balance calculations in pyro-metallurgical reactors
Snakebot – software for computer simulation of a robot that looks like a snake; could be used for search and rescue operations of the future
SNAP (Soil Nitrogen Availability Predictor) – instrument
Snapshots – software, simulated factory that enables users to simulate restarting the process under changed conditions
SNOROCKET™ – software that processes medical data 10 times faster than other classifiers – See Australian technology in global health toolkit, 2009 (Media Release)
Snowy – soybean variety that combines both high yield and high quality; suitable for tofu making, providing growers with up to a $200 per tonne premium compared to soybean sold for oil – See Soybean research for a growing industry (CSIRO Plant Industry)
SOCOFI – software for calculation of heat tables from solar radiation
Softly® detergent – for woolen blankets and garments
Soil Carbon Manager – software, soil carbon simulation model
SOILpak – part of a comprehensive information manual on cotton nutrition and advice on fertiliser management – See FIBREpak introduction (Cotton Catchment Communities)
Sokoll Logger – a cheap, low-power data logger monitors and records data at remote sites; manufactured by James Sokoll & Associates
SolarGas – greenhouse-friendly gas that has about 26 % more energy than natural gas; development and demonstration of SolarGas, Solar H2 and the Solar Turbine at the National Solar Energy Centre – See CSIRO solar energy research (Overview)
Solar hot water panels – efficient solar panels for domestic water heating were developed by RN Morse, Division of Mechanical Engineering in 1953; the technology was transferred to create a new industry in Australia
SolarHT – software, solar energy absorbers
Solicon – software, a flexible image analysis system for quantifying soil structure images; the software, which runs under UNIX, has its own command language
SOM (Self-Organizing Maps) – a mining and exploration analysis tool, the method allows industry to quickly identify promising targets, areas of concern and a multitude of other knowledge that assists with better exploration, mining and processing strategies – See Extracting knowledge from complex datasets (Capability)
SpaceGram Service – a telephone service that records messages that will fly into space on FedSat, Australia’s newest satellite – See New service puts your message into orbit, 2000 (Media Release)
SPC (Sliding Pin Consistometer) – an instrument that can measure objectively the spreadability of butter & margarine
SPICE (Spatial and temporal Process Integration in Complex Environments) – model
SPIF (Scenario Planning and Investment Framework) – tool
SpinMag (Spinning Rock Magnetometer) – characterises minerals in rock samples – See Superconducting devices and systems (Capability)
Spinning Cone Column – a unique and extremely efficient gas-liquid contacting device for the production of high quality flavours with minimal thermal damage and minimal product losses; commercialised by Flavourtech Pty Ltd [external link]
Splenda setaria – first ever Australian tropical grass variety, marketed by Primac Seeds
S-PLUS – software for advanced data analysis
Spot – a microarray spot detection and characterisation software package which extracts more meaningful numerical information from cDNA microarrays than other software
Sportwool™ fabrics – high performance active sportswear combining the physical performance attributes of synthetics with the comfort and breathability of natural fibre
SQUID (Superconducting Quantum Interference Device) – See Superconducting devices and systems (Capability)
Stac-Pac – a compact modular dc power supply unit that could be stacked one upon the other to provide an extended range of either current or voltage; developed by Billington at Chemical Physics in 1954; manufactured by Klarion Electronics and later by The Fairey Aviation Company of Australasia Pty Ltd – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
Stakeout – software for security surveillance monitoring; invented by John Reid after he left CSIRO and started up a company called Red Engine Software; developed by Glebe Systems
Starbug – an autonomous, miniature submarine for underwater monitoring and surveying of ecosystems such as the Great Barrier Reef
Starplus™ – resistant starch product that delivers short chain fatty acid for the maintenance of bowel health
Stowell cox – a cross varietal between Cox apple and Democrat apple; resistant to disorders of bitter-pit and storage breakdown
StrataSnoop – an instrument that measures thickness of mudstone or shale in underground coal mines
StreamTone – software that delivers the best bubbles for biotechnology, mining or manufacturing applications – See New science for bubble trouble, 2000 (Media Release)
Stuart – soybean for coastal and tropical Queensland; licensed to BSES
Subsurface Oxygen Probes – instrument based on diffusion cell technology to monitor oxygen and/or water concentrations in soils, groundwater, rivers, lakes
Suction – software which did simple equations on a calculator (no longer available after 2002); upgraded to the Intelligent Tensiometer
SunGel – solar energy storage battery
Sun-Muscat – drying grape variety with distinct muscat flavour and no seeds – See Grapes and wine overview (Overview)
Sunola – sunflower oil
SunSorb – sunscreen additive to block UV rays; commercialised by Micronisers Pty Ltd – See An ultrafine way to prevent skin cancer, 1999 (Media Release)
Super Milk – product based on technology that can lift calcium levels in white milk to around 200 mg per 100 ml; this milk is capable of carrying 20 % more calcium than many of the calcium-enriched milks currently on the market – See Healthier milk enriched with calcium and minerals (Achievement)
Super Model 3D – structural model of regional geology (Bowen Basin)
SUSTAIN (Sustainable Urban Structure & Interaction Networks) – model for planning of transport and water management
SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) – computer language, describes two-dimensional graphics in XML – See CSIRO brings great graphics to the web, 1999 (Media Release)
Swagman™ series – software for irrigation management
Swagman What If – software, interaction between climate, soil and water
SWAGSIM (Salt Water And Ground Water Simulation) – model of irrigation/water table/salinity
SWAMP (Spatial Water Modeling Program) – software
SWIM (Soil Water Infiltration and Movement) – software that simulates water infiltration and movement in soils; published in 1990. A second version, SWIM v2.0 was completed in 1992.
SWIPS (Short Wave Infrared Profile Spectrometer) – See Drill core ‘magic’ to save millions, 2002 (Media Release)
SWSY (South-West Western Australia Sustainable Yields Project) – provide water managers and users with robust estimates of current and future water yields for Western Australia’s south-west
Synchro-Pulse Controlled Drop Transfer welding system – pulsed arc welding machine
SysNova – software

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TAAM (Total Airspace and Airport Modeler) – a fast-time simulation tool, used worldwide by airlines, airports and civil aviation authorities to perform ‘what-if’ modelling – See Boeing acquires Australian software company, 1999 (Media Release)
Take-all Model – allows farmers to assess the impact of various management options for Take-all the major soil-borne disease of cereals in southern Australia
Tamiflu – oral anti-influenza drug – See Relenza™
Taminga – red wine grape variety developed in the 1970s – See Australia Advances – Series Twelve: True Blue Reds
TAMOT (TAsk Modeling Tool) – software – See Software Downloads (CSIRO ICT Centre)
Tanalith Gold – timber preservative CCA-oil emulsion PROCCA; developed by CSIRO in conjunction with Koppers-Hickson Timber Preservation and marketed as Tanalith Gold, this gives the wood a light green colour – See The Back Fence: Bringing It Back, 1999 (Media Release)
TAPM (The Air Pollution Model) – software that tracks emissions from cities
Tarrango – red wine grape variety developed in the 1970s – See Australia Advances – Series Twelve: True Blue Reds
TaskPlan – task analysis software, helps companies streamline tasks – See Helping companies work smarter, 1999 (Media Release)
TAWS (Tool for Assessing Water Systems) – software, integrates water supply, wastewater and storm-water services into a single model – See New technologies for urban water systems (Overview – Research)
TED (Trust Extension Device) – a prototype portable device that will allow people to do business across the internet on any computer in a trusted manner
TED (Turtle exclusion Devices) – metal grids placed inside the trawl net; blocks the entry of larger sea-life, but allows prawns to pass through – See also Turtles escape trawls using TEDs (Achievement)
Temper – software, calculates air conditioning loads and temperatures
Tempest – an ultra-sensitive receiver towed below aircraft; detects minute magnetic fields induced in the earth by Tempest’s powerful electromagnetic pulse generator; used to explore for minerals such as gold, diamonds, nickel, copper, lead and zinc buried at depths up to 300 meters. Its ability to detect underground water and groundwater salinity also makes it a valuable environmental management tool. Developed by CRC AMET, commercialised by World Geoscience Corp Ltd – See World Leading Mineral Exploration System Takes Off, 1999 (Media release)
Tempo – software for demographic modeling of internal migration
Temporal Bone Surgical Simulator – virtual reality ear surgery simulator; a training tool licensed to Medic Vision Ltd who will market under name of Mediseus – See CSIRO, Medic Vision and University of Melbourne commercialise VR ear surgery training system, 2006 (Media Release)
Tender Pulse High Voltage Electrical Stimulator Unit – an instrument for electrical stimulation of beef; licensed to HE Technologies
Tennant – wheat cultivar resistant to stem, stripe and leaf rust – See Wheat breeding in Australia’s high-rainfall zone
TermiMesh – termite barrier product
Terra – a low maintenance leather boot that is waterproof yet breathable, and is made from cow and kangaroo skin – See Australia Advances – Series Five: These Boots are made for Fightin’
TFS (Tourism Futures Simulator) – software, designed to assist regional tourism – See What If More People Drive To The Daintree? – Tourism Simulator Helps Town Planning, 1998 (Media Release)
THEMAP (Hyperspectral Environmental Mapping Applications Paradigm)
Thermocouple Sheath – an instrument that uses a metal thermal window at the sensing end of a ceramic pyrometric tube
ThermoData – software, a databank of thermodynamic data
Thermosplicer – facilitates the Sirospun process and efficient splicing of wool yarns in general; allows the replacement of knots by splices which are more reliable and generally do not require removal from the fabric during mending; improves weaving efficiency as well as reducing mending costs; licensed to Schlafhorst – See Solospun™ The Long Staple weavable singles yarn (CSIRO textile and Fibre Technology)
Thickener Interface Gauge – a probe to measure naturally occurring mineral radioactivity at different levels within the tank; commercialised by Amdel Ltd (now Thermo Gamma-metrics Pty Ltd)
Thin Film Measurement Instrument – for quality control of automatic coating process
Tick1 and Tick2 – climate driven model that simulates cattle tick populations – See New machine measures coating thickness, 2001 (Media Release)
TickGard – cattle tick vaccine; builds up antibodies in the blood of cattle which work on the tick when ingested – See ‘New vaccines offer disease protection potential’, Farming Ahead, 142: 57-59
TIDA (Tree Identification and Delineation Algorithm) – of tree crowns in high spatial resolution remotely sensed imagery
Timber Expert – software to assist with utilising Standards Australia Timber Codes
TimberLife – software that tells asset managers, designers, engineers and builders the likely lifespan of a timber construction, in any climatic zone, enabling them to predict with accuracy the performance of new or planned buildings – See Timber lifespan can be predicted with greater accuracy, 2006 (Media Release)
Timbrs – suite of algorithms developed to automatically count and delineate the crowns of individual trees visible in high spatial resolution remotely sensed imagery
TimeRite – information package that gives woolgrowers the ability to limit losses associated with red-legged earth mite; handled by Australian Wool innovation – See Time it right to smite the mite, 2000 (Media Release)
TIPS (Thermal Infrared Profile Spectrometer)
Titaniq – geothermometer that measures quantitative cathode luminescence to determine trace elements in quartz
TML (Thesaural Markup Language)
TOPAZ (Technique for the Optimum Placement of Activities into Zones) – computer model
TOPAZ-SUCO – computer model for integrated urban water management
TopMaker – software, yarn specifications; licensed to ASTM Ltd
TopMet – software for building and facility layout optimisation
TOPOG – software for soil and water movement – See also TOPOG: Out of the woods and into the world, 1997 (Media Release)
TopSoil – a by-product, soil conditioner produced from the cleaning process of a sheep’s fleece; manufactured by Geelong Wool Combing Ltd
TopSpin – key algorithms from prediction software Yarnspec; licensed to ASTM Ltd
TOROPT design package for atoric and aspheric single vision spectacle lenses – software developed in the 1990s; used by SOLA International, one of the largest Optical Lens Companies in the world – See Spectacle lens design and Mathematical modelling for optical lens design (Achievement)
Total Wellbeing Diet book – preventative health
TPM (TelPresence Microscopy) – software that enables scientists to operate a microscope thousands of kilometres away; the intuitive interface allows the user to operate the microscope as though they were actually standing by the instrument itself – See More access to million dollar microscopes, 2000 (Media Release)
TPX (Technology platform X) – software-based radio receiver using digital down converters for use in radio based analysers for the minerals and process industries. Intalysis is funding development of a specific configuration for their moisture analysers.
Transyt – software, network model of advisory speed signs
Trecor™ (Routine Extraction of Cores) – an advanced wood corer, used in association with Silviscan™ rapid wood analysis
TreDat – database, links trial results for Australian species of eucalypts and acacias with climate and soil, tree spacing and fertilisers – See Commercial Environmental Forestry: Integrating trees into landscapes for multiple benefits (CSIRO – SCION)
Tree Planting Auger – an instrument for tractor-mounted or hand-operated use in situations where a post-hole digger is inadequate
Trident™ – functional chewing gum for application in oral healthcare; contains a casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate ingredient as the active component – See Dairy products for improved human health
Trifecta – lucerne cultivar
TrigenAir – a system that replaces traditional air conditioning systems, reduces CO2 emissions and improves the load factor for electricity networks – See Greenhouse gas reduction in cooling and heating (Solution)
TRIPS (Traveller Itinerary Planning System) – on-line software; commercialised by Viator Systems – See New system to help plan the perfect trip, 1999 (Media Release)
TRITRAM (Traveller Information and Traffic Management) – traffic network simulation model – See New Computer Software to Smarten-Up Traffic, 1999 (Media Release)
TruckCost – software that estimates the costs of logging trucks
TruScan – a pen-like probe that can detect cervical cancer, developed by Polartechnics Ltd – See also Australian cancer device in world trials, 2001 (Media Release)
Truss – software, space truss analysis
TSA (The Spectral Assistant™) – software that quickly and reliably identifies the constituent minerals of a rock sample from its PIMA spectra; is at the heart of another CSIRO package, The Spectral Geologist [external link], which is marketed commercially and has been sold to mineral exploration companies throughout the world
TSG [external link] (The Spectral Geologist) – software for the analysis, visualisation and integration of visible and infrared spectroscopic data of rocks, soils and minerals; used by companies for both exploration and mining; marketed by AusSpec International Pty Ltd – See also Hyperspectral imaging for analysing materials (Overview – Research)
TSSA (The Spatial Spectral Assistant®) – a spatial version of spectral identification software package, The Spectral Assistant, for use with hyperspectral images
Tube Eccentricity Measurement System – a machine that measures, on-line, wall thickness and its orientation, for manufacturers or tubes and pipes
Tuhillah – grape variety
TwinSplicer – creates virtually invisible splices in yarns; developed along with Thermosplicer™ as a direct result of the need to have robust and near invisible splices in Sirospun yarns that would survive the weaving process; (licensed to Savio) – See Solospun™ The Long Staple Weavable Singles Yarn (CSIRO Textile and Fibre Technology)
Tyrian – wine grape variety

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UltraBattery™ – an efficient, low emission power source for use in low greenhouse gas emission, low fuel consumption hybrid electric vehicles, and may provide a solution to the intermittency of electricity production from renewables (solar, wind, tides, etc). Licensed to Smart Storage Pty Ltd trading as Ecoult™. In October 2008 Japan’s Furukawa Battery Company and East Penn from the United States have signed an exclusive sub-license agreement.
Ultramicrotome – for cutting very thin sections of tissue for electron microscopy; developed by Chemical Physics; manufactured and marketed by The Fairey Aviation Company of Australasia Pty Ltd – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
UltraPS analyser – a new particle size analyser for the on-line size measurement of particles in slurries; will improve the operational efficiency of alumina refineries
UMIS (Ultra-micro indentation system) – a machine that measures the properties of surface coatings. Most accurate machine available
UrPol (Urban Pollution model) – model provides estimates of the rate of emission of each of the major vehicle air pollutants
UVQ (Urban Volume and Quality) – a water and contaminant balance model – See Contaminant Balance Component of the Urban Water Volume and Quality (UVQ) Model – Technical description

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Vaccine for Black disease (infectious necrotic hepatitis) in sheep
Vaccine for Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia
Vacuum gauge – a novel instrument developed in the Division of Chemical Physics in the mid 1940s and early 1950s – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
Vacuum pump (oil-free) – for use where contamination of the system with residual oil vapour must be avoided (e.g. electron microscopes, semiconducting and coatings industries)
Vacuum ultraviolet spectrograph – developed in the Division of Chemical Physics in the 1940s – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
VASS (Vehicle Allocation and Scheduling System) – fleet dynamics software
VaporMate – fast-acting, safe and versatile fumigant for the Australian grain industry
VAXSTRATE – an immuno-neutering vaccine to control reproduction in cows for up to 9 months; licensed to Peptech Ltd
Vaxxitek™ HVT+IBD – a live, recombinant virus vaccine against Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) in poultry; based on VP2 technology licensed to Merial
VCM (Virtual Comminution Machine) – for modeling at a micro-level – See In-depth insight to improve mill design (Feature Article)
Vegetation Canopy Lidar (Light Detection and Radar) – radar monitoring forest canopies to assess their biomass, structure and condition – See also Canopy Lidar for Sounding Vegetation Canopies and estimating biomass (CSIRO Earth Observation Centre)
Vermillion – wine grape varietal
VERS (Victorian Electronic Records Strategy) – software which ensures that electronic records will be readable for future generations – See Making Electronic Records Last Forever, 1999 (Media Release)
VESDA (Very Early Smoke Detection Apparatus) – a sensor that protects electronic equipment
Vesta – a study program, predicting the spread of high intensity fires
VFW (Vertical upflow artificial wetlands) – waste treatment technology for small communities and mining sites
V/I Ceres Maize – visual interactive software version of a computer model of growth and development of maize – See Performance and application of CERES and SWAGMAN Destiny models for rice-wheat cropping systems in Asia and Australia: a review, 2003 (CSIRO Land and Water)
VIC (Virtual Industrial Community and Virtual Enterprise) – E-business architectural framework and information infrastructure
VineLogic Education – simulation model of grapevine growth and development – See VirtualVineyard (CSIRO Plant Industry)
VineLOGIC Virtual Vineyard – modelling the grapevine software; allows grape growers to ‘see’ how their vines will perform before planting the vineyard
VinLife – natural grape seed extract and antioxidant for incorporation in food; in collaboration with Tarac Technologies Pty Ltd – See New food ingredient for heart health, 2003 (Media Release)
Virtual Classroom – tele-collaboration and distance education technology – See CeNTIE: successful research collaboration (Achievement)
Virtual Mine – a program that combines data into a visually integrated 3D model of entire mine sites
Virtual Rock Laboratory – web-based interface software which analyses the mechanics of rocks; a collaboration between AuScope Grid and ESSCC
ViScope™ – the world’s first non-invasive heart failure predictive tool in the area of mechanical heart sound analysis for early detection of cardiac diseases; licensed to HD Medical Group Ltd
VISOR – software for visualisation of ore-grade data
Vital Signs Sensor Technology – a device which uses a unique radio frequency method to monitor heart and lung conditions without skin contact and over clothing; licensed to HD Medical Group Ltd to detect, analyse and diagnose structural cardiac faults – See Personal Monitoring Clinical Trials Program (e-Health Research Centre) [external link]
VOC Probe (Volatile Organic Compound Probe) – an instrument which monitors concentrations in soil and groundwater; developed with funding from CRC Waste Management and Pollution Control
Vortex Mower – uses technology that reduces aerodynamic blade noise to give a quieter rotary lawnmower
VTE (Vehicle Tracking Equipment) – technology that traces vehicles in remote outback areas – See Big brothers watch research vehicles, 2002 (Media Release)

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Wallaga – Australian oilseed cultivar variety
WatCost – a model for economic evaluation of effluent-irrigated plantations – See Sustainable effluent-irrigated plantations: An Australian guideline, 1999 (Publication – general)
WATERpak – reference manual on irrigation management in cotton – See Cotton and water (Overview – Research) and FIBREpak introduction (Cotton Catchment Communities)
WaterPEN – software that assesses performance of window frames in preventing the ingress of water
Water Quality Calculator – a web tool that calculates the salinity (EC), Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR) and pH when water sources are mixed together to provide irrigation water
WaterSense – water scheduling software tool for sugarcane growers
WatLoad 1 and 2 – models to help authorities, who are developing plantations for the reuse of sewage effluent, to determine the minimum area which needs to be planted – See Sustainable effluent-irrigated plantations: An Australian guideline, 1999 (Publication – general)
WatSked – model that helps plantation managers schedule irrigation to achieve maximum effluent reuse while keeping deep drainage within acceptable limits – See Sustainable effluent-irrigated plantations: An Australian guideline, 1999 (Publication – general)
Wattle Grow – a granular inoculant which helps wattles establish up to 5 times faster; commercialised by Bio-Care Technology – See Bacteria aids dryland salinity fight, 2004 (Media Release)
Waves – an efficient numerical solution of differential equations for coupled water and solute dynamics – See Water balance modeling: concepts and applications (CSIRO Land and Water)
Weaner Proftril – slow release wormer product
WebFlix – software, revolutionary editing system for the film, video and multi-media industries, develped by CSIRO spin-off company MediaWare Solutions – See CSIRO spinoff firm in world market drive, 1997 (Media Release)
webGF-Mill™ – web-based simulation tool for evaluating ball, AG and SAG Mills – See also Smart maths for greener mill design, 2003 (Media Release)
Web Grouputer – software devised by Grouputer Corp. and adapted for the Internet by CSIRO, it helps project teams to work or learn in teams from their homes on the World Wide Web
WEEDpak – part of a comprehensive information manual on cotton nutrition and advice on fertiliser management – See FIBREpak introduction (Cotton Catchment Communities)
WERS (Window Energy Rating Scheme) and Calculator – helps determine the best windows for your climate – See also The CSIRO Home Energy Saving Handbook – How to save energy, save money and reduce your carbon footprint (Publication – General)
Wetup – software that displays approximate wetting patterns from drippers
WheatRite – tool that tests the level of weather damage in wheat before harvest or during delivery
Whey growth factor extract (WGFE) – a concentrated extract of cellular growth factors, obtained from Cheddar cheese whey; shows remarkable cell repair and growth stimulation effects, and has application in the specialist food, medical, veterinary and biotechnology sectors – See Dairy products for improved human health
White Gold – mungbean germplasm varietal line; commercialised by the Australian Mungbean Association
Whopper Cropper – software for cropping systems modeling and seasonal climate forecasting in the highly variable climate of north-eastern Australia
WINCMSS – a model that uses land use and nutrient generation data to predict nutrient load (or load of any other pollutant) reaching the waterway of a catchment
WindScape – mapping tool for use in data-sparse regions – See Windlab Systems Pty Ltd: securing global wind assets (Solution)
WINE – software comprising detailed maps of South Eastern Australia giving information on which areas would be suitable for growing grapes for wine – See Grapes and wine overview (Overview)
WinView – software that displays and interprets lithological and stratigraphic outcomes from natural gamma, gamma-gamma and neutron-gamma spectroscopic borehole tools
WIS (Wearable Instrument Shirt) – works by recognising and interpreting arm movements and relaying this wirelessly to a computer for audio generation; there are no trailing cables to get in the way or trip over monitors; also used in the development and training of elite athletes – See also Every wanna-be rocker’s fantasy comes true, 2006 (Media Release) and Science to move ‘in the groove’ (Profile – Project)
Wood Futures – spreadsheet model to assist plantation development by providing broad indications of future wood product flows and their value
Woody Weeder – stem injection instrument that delivers Glyphosate
Wool Processing Lubricants – new range of wool lubricants developed in 1980s and 1990s; reduce damage during carding and reduce breakage and waste in worsted processing; marketed by Henkel, they now account for approximately 80% of the world market
Woolrich quilt – opened bedding and related product markets to wool; relicensed for more general application for filling materials
Woolwise [external link] a resource for educators, researchers, consultants, students and other stakeholders in the wool industry. It was established using funds provided by the Wool CRC (Co-operative Research Centre for Premium Quality Wool) and the former AWTA Ltd Wool Education Trust [external links]
WormWorld – models the epidemiology of nematodes to control worm parasites – See Leading-edge farm research at Yalanbee, 1999 (Media Release)
WRML – Water Resources Mark-up Language – See ‘A common language for water’ – Building a Water Resources Observation Network In Australia (Ecos, 129: 16)
WRON (Water Resources Observation Network) – web-based reporting tools that can be delivered to suit individual needs of various end users. Raw data, forecasts and predictions processed by sophisticated computer models can be employed to support and justify informed management decisions – See ‘Using technology to our advantage’ – Building a Water Resources Observation Network In Australia (Ecos, 129: 15)
WSN (Wireless Sensor Network) – technology being deployed to help monitor Australia’s scarce water resources – See Landmark achievement for CSIRO wireless sensor network, 2006 (Media Release)

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XENA (X-belt Elemental Nuclear Analyser) – on-line analyser for the cement industry; accurately measure the concentrations of calcium, silicon, aluminium, iron and minor elements independent of both horizontal and vertical segregation and independent of changes in belt loading
xNTD (Extended New technology Demonstrator) – an Australian designed instrument in the development of the Square Kilometer Array (SKA)
X-ray camera adaptor for high temperature use – developed in the Division of Chemical Physics in the mid 1940s and early 1950s – See Willis JB, 1987, ‘The CSIRO Division of Chemical Physics 1944-1986′, Historical Records of Australian Science, 7: 153-177 [external link]
XRD – on-line analyser for cement industry; measures the composition and mineralogy of finished product cement in real time and on-line. It is based on X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques and Rietveld analytical methods.
XSpectra – software modules for visualising, interpreting, plotting, processing, importing and exporting spectra
XUM – imaging and tomography instrument for microscopic specimens; commercialised by XRT Ltd and Gatan

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Yield and N estimation for Dryland Cropping – a user-friendly decision support software aid to calculate yield and nitrogen requirements of cereals and canola
Yield Prophet – a powerful computer simulation program that can predict crop performance relatively accurately, uses APSIM to simulate crop growth during the season

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Zanamavir – anti-influenza virus drug, marketed as Relenza™
Zero Probe – gamma-gamma ultra-low radiation spectrometric instrument which delineates coal seams and determines quality of coal
Z-Image – interactive image analysis software package
ZMG (Zinc monoglycerolate) – pharmaceutical marketed by Ballara Medical Products